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Management of Gorham Stout disease with skull-base defects: Case series of six children and literature review.

08:00 EDT 5th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Management of Gorham Stout disease with skull-base defects: Case series of six children and literature review."

Gorham-Stout disease (GSD) is a rare lymphatic disorder which results in bone destruction. Defects of the skull base are difficult to manage, we describe cases to better understand the disease and discuss treatment.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology
ISSN: 1872-8464
Pages: 152-156

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Neoplasms of the base of the skull specifically, differentiated from neoplasms of unspecified sites or bones of the skull (SKULL NEOPLASMS).

The inferior region of the skull consisting of an internal (cerebral), and an external (basilar) surface.

Either of a pair of compound bones forming the lateral (left and right) surfaces and base of the skull which contains the organs of hearing. It is a large bone formed by the fusion of parts: the squamous (the flattened anterior-superior part), the tympanic (the curved anterior-inferior part), the mastoid (the irregular posterior portion), and the petrous (the part at the base of the skull).

Fractures of the skull which may result from penetrating or nonpenetrating head injuries or rarely BONE DISEASES (see also FRACTURES, SPONTANEOUS). Skull fractures may be classified by location (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, BASILAR), radiographic appearance (e.g., linear), or based upon cranial integrity (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, DEPRESSED).

Fractures which extend through the base of the SKULL, usually involving the PETROUS BONE. Battle's sign (characterized by skin discoloration due to extravasation of blood into the subcutaneous tissue behind the ear and over the mastoid process), CRANIAL NEUROPATHIES, TRAUMATIC; CAROTID-CAVERNOUS SINUS FISTULA; and CEREBROSPINAL FLUID OTORRHEA are relatively frequent sequelae of this condition. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p876)

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