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The modification of biomaterials to comply with clinically employed monitoring techniques is a promising strategy to support clinical translation in regenerative medicine. Here, multimodal imaging of tissue-engineered vascular grafts (TEVG) was enabled by functionalizing the textile scaffold with ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) nanoparticles. The resulting MR-imageable grafts (iTEVG) were monitored non-invasively throughout their whole life-cycle, from initial quality control to longitudinal functional evaluation in an ovine model for up to 8 weeks. Crucial features such as the complete embedding of the textile mesh in the developing tissue and the grafts' structural stability were assessed in vitro using 1T-, 3T- and 7T-MRI scanners. In vivo, the grafts were imaged by 3T-MRI and PET-CT. Contrary to unlabeled constructs, iTEVG could be delineated from native arteries and precisely localized by MRI. USPIO labeling neither induced calcifications, nor negatively affected their remodeling with respect to tissue-specific extracellular matrix composition and endothelialization. Functionality was confirmed by MR-angiography. F-FDG uptake (assessed via PET-CT) indicated only transient post-surgical inflammation. In conclusion, USPIO-labeling enables accurate localization of TEVG and opens up opportunities for multimodal imaging approaches to assess transplant acceptance and function. Thereby, it can support clinical decision-making on the need for further pharmacological or surgical interventions.
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Damages to the CAROTID ARTERIES caused either by blunt force or penetrating trauma, such as CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; THORACIC INJURIES; and NECK INJURIES. Damaged carotid arteries can lead to CAROTID ARTERY THROMBOSIS; CAROTID-CAVERNOUS SINUS FISTULA; pseudoaneurysm formation; and INTERNAL CAROTID ARTERY DISSECTION. (From Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1997, 18:251; J Trauma 1994, 37:473)
Pathological conditions involving the CAROTID ARTERIES, including the common, internal, and external carotid arteries. ATHEROSCLEROSIS and TRAUMA are relatively frequent causes of carotid artery pathology.
The two principal arteries supplying the structures of the head and neck. They ascend in the neck, one on each side, and at the level of the upper border of the thyroid cartilage, each divides into two branches, the external (CAROTID ARTERY, EXTERNAL) and internal (CAROTID ARTERY, INTERNAL) carotid arteries.
The splitting of the vessel wall in one or both (left and right) internal carotid arteries (CAROTID ARTERY, INTERNAL). Interstitial hemorrhage into the media of the vessel wall can lead to occlusion of the internal carotid artery and aneurysm formation.
Either of the two principal arteries on both sides of the neck that supply blood to the head and neck; each divides into two branches, the internal carotid artery and the external carotid artery.
Vascular relates to blood vessels (Oxford Medical Dictionary) and can be used to describe the supply of blood, a disease affecting the blood vessels or molecules associated with these structures. For example, <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->atherosclerosis ...