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The biochar BC-450 derived from the extracted marine Chlorella sp. residue (EMCR) had high surface area (266 m/g) and was rich in ash and O-functional groups. Its characteristics are suitable for heavy metal adsorption. The adsorption parameters were investigated to optimize the removal efficiency of Cr(VI), Zn(II) and Ni(II) from aqueous solution by conventional adsorption (CA) and by ultrasonication adsorption (UA). The adsorption was fit by Langmuir isotherm and by pseudo-second-order model. The equilibrium times were 10, 8, 15 min and 40, 60, 80 min for removal of Cr(VI), Zn(II) and Ni(II) with UA and CA, respectively. The maximum adsorption capacities of Cr(VI), Zn(II) and Ni(II) for CA and UA were 15.94, 17.62 and 24.76 mg/g and 18.86, 21.31 and 27.45 mg/g, respectively. UA presented 1.1-1.3 times greater removal efficiencies than CA in much shorter time. The EMCR is a promising feedstock for producing low cost and high efficiency adsorbents.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Bioresource technology
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Nonmotile unicellular green algae potentially valuable as a source of high-grade protein and B-complex vitamins.
Salts of alginic acid that are extracted from marine kelp and used to make dental impressions and as absorbent material for surgical dressings.
Oils high in unsaturated fats extracted from the bodies of fish or fish parts, especially the livers. Those from the liver are usually high in vitamin A. The oils are used as dietary supplements, in soaps and detergents, as protective coatings, and as a base for other food products such as vegetable shortenings.
A member of the transferase superfamily of proteins. In the activated state, protein-histidine kinase autophosphorylates at a histidine residue, subsequently transferring high-energy phosphoryl groups to an aspartate residue of the response-regulator domain, which results in a conformational shift in the effector domain. Histidine kinases mediate signal transduction in a wide range of processes involving cellular adaptation to environmental stress.
A species of green microalgae in the family Chlorellaceae. It is used as a model organism for PHOTOSYNTHESIS, and as a food supplement (DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS).