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A large-scale and high-dropout water-level-fluctuation zone (WLFZ) was formed by the construction of cascaded large dam in the southwest hydropower base of China. The original land use patterns changed significantly by the formation of the WLFZ, which possibly affected the soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks and local carbon cycle. However, little is known about the effects of land uses before dam construction on the SOC stocks in the WLFZ. To address this, we chose the Nuozhadu mega reservoir built in 2014 in the upper Mekong River basin as our study area. We established five sampling transects around the reservoir and sampled them in 2015. Each transect contained three vertical sampling lines representing three land-use types: natural forest, farmland, and rubber plantations. SOC stocks were determined in the WLFZ and in the infralittoral reference zone (IRZ), and the interactions among SOC, land uses, soil erosion, inundation, and other soil physicochemical properties were analyzed to establish the factors controlling SOC in the WLFZ. The average soil organic carbon density (SOCD) was not significantly different between the WLFZ and IRZ, but it differed significantly among the three types of land uses. The SOC stocks in natural forests of the WLFZ and IRZ were significantly greater than those in the other land use types. The SOCD decreased with increasing elevation in the natural forest and rubber plantation in the WLFZ, while no significant trend was found in farmland. These results indicated that the construction of a large dam in southwestern China may not lead to significant changes in regional SOC stocks, but it can result in the redistribution of SOC in the large-scale and high-dropout WLFZ. Land use before dam construction can affect the background concentrations of SOC, soil physicochemical properties, and soil erosion rate in the WLFZ, which controlled the redistribution of SOC.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Science of the total environment
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A broad class of substances containing carbon and its derivatives. Many of these chemicals will frequently contain hydrogen with or without oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, and other elements. They exist in either carbon chain or carbon ring form.
Organic compounds composed exclusively of carbon and hydrogen where no carbon atoms join to form a ring structure.
Organic compounds composed exclusively of carbon and hydrogen. Three or more carbon atoms are arranged in a cyclic structure and they possess aliphatic properties.
Organic compounds that contain only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
Pathologic partial or complete loss of the ability to recall past experiences (AMNESIA, RETROGRADE) or to form new memories (AMNESIA, ANTEROGRADE). This condition may be of organic or psychologic origin. Organic forms of amnesia are usually associated with dysfunction of the DIENCEPHALON or HIPPOCAMPUS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp426-7)