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Trichloroethylene (TCE) is one of the most ubiquitous halogenated organic compounds of concerns of carcinogens in groundwater in Taiwan. Bioremediation has been recognized as a cost-effective approach in reducing TCE concentration. Five pilot-scale wells were constructed to monitor TCE concentrations in contaminated groundwater. With injection of EOS, TCE was effectively degraded to 42%-93% by the end of 175 days. The biostimulation with EOS was useful in establishing a micro-site anaerobic but with limited contribution. Dilution of the aquifer movement also caused the TCE reduction among injection and monitoring wells. The degradability was affected by the location and the proximity from the injection well. TCE concentrations found to be negatively correlated with the associated Dehalococcoides spp. and functional genes levels. Dhc concentration of 10 copies L caused the initial 40% of TCE degradation. The well with the optimal degradation owned tceA of 10 cells L T-RFLP results indicate the wells with the superior TCE degradability also performed the highest Shannon index number (means the highest diversity), which occurred on the same day that Dhc levels started to enlarge. Desulfovibrio desulfuricans and Desulfuromonas chloroethenica were predominant species identified in the T-RFLP fingerprint profile. In brief, a variety of different factors including well locations, geochemical indicators, and microbial contribution were useful to explain the site-specific optimal TCE remediation approach. The consistence among TCE degradation, Dhc growing pattern, functional gene levels, and the dynamics of the microbial community structure present the novelty of this study.
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The branch of medicine concerned with the application of NANOTECHNOLOGY to the prevention and treatment of disease. It involves the monitoring, repair, construction, and control of human biological systems at the molecular level, using engineered nanodevices and NANOSTRUCTURES. (From Freitas Jr., Nanomedicine, vol 1, 1999).
Removal of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS or contaminants for the general protection of the environment. This is accomplished by various chemical, biological, and bulk movement methods, in conjunction with ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING.
Restoration of an environment, ecosystem, or habitat that was physically damaged during land development or by natural disaster, or contaminated by ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS. This is accomplished by various chemical, biological, and bulk movement methods, in conjunction with ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING.
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Comprehensive, methodical analysis of complex biological systems by monitoring responses to perturbations of biological processes. Large scale, computerized collection and analysis of the data are used to develop and test models of biological systems.
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