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Comparative assessment of a foam-based oxidative treatment of hydrocarbon-contaminated unsaturated and anisotropic soils.

08:00 EDT 4th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Comparative assessment of a foam-based oxidative treatment of hydrocarbon-contaminated unsaturated and anisotropic soils."

In situ delivery of liquid reagents in vadose zone is limited by soil anisotropy and gravity. The enhanced delivery of persulfate (PS) as oxidant, using a new foam-based method (F-PS) was compared at bench-scale to traditional water-based (W-PS) and surfactant solution-based (S-PS) deliveries. The goal was to distribute PS uniformly in coal tar-contaminated unsaturated and anisotropic soils, both in terms of permeability and contamination. Water was the less efficiently delivered fluid because of the hydrophobicity of the contaminated soils. Surfactant enhanced PS-distribution into contaminated zones by reducing interfacial tension and inverting soil wettability. Regardless of coal tar contamination contrasts (0 vs. 5 and 1 vs. 10 g kg ) or strong permeability contrasts, PS-solution injection after foam injection led to the most uniform reagents delivery. While PS-concentration varied more than 5-times between zones using W-PS and S-PS methods, it varied less than 1.6-times when the F-PS one was used. Finally, despite unfavorable conditions, the foam-based method did not show any detrimental effect regarding the oxidation of hydrocarbons compared to the W-PS and S-PS methods carried out in ideal conditions. Moreover, hydrocarbon degradation rates were slightly higher when using F-PS than S-PS due to a lower surfactant content in the targeted zone.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Chemosphere
ISSN: 1879-1298
Pages: 667-676

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