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Impact of co-exposure to titanium dioxide nanoparticles and Pb on zebrafish embryos.

08:00 EDT 3rd June 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Impact of co-exposure to titanium dioxide nanoparticles and Pb on zebrafish embryos."

Complex interactions have been established between nanoparticles (NPs) and heavy metals in real environments. Herein we used zebrafish embryos to investigate the influence of titanium dioxide NPs (n-TiO) on the uptake, bioconcentration, and depuration, and toxicity of Pb. The formation of n-TiO-Pb complexes was confirmed in an exposure suspension. An increase in Pb bioconcentration was observed in zebrafish embryos upon co-exposure to n-TiO and Pb; moreover, n-TiO-Pb complexes could be found in the embryos, indicating the bioavailability of NPs. However, there was no difference in the depuration rates of Pb in the presence of n-TiO. Metallothionein (MT) content was significantly increased upon exposure to Pb alone, and the content significantly increased even further upon co-exposure. A downregulation in the expression levels of the neurodevelopment-related genes gfap, syn2α, and elavl3 was observed in the embryos, and we also noted a reduction in the swimming speed of and the total distance traveled by the larvae. To summarize, our results indicate that n-TiO can act as an effective carrier of Pb to enhance its uptake, bioavailability, and toxicity in zebrafish embryos.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Chemosphere
ISSN: 1879-1298
Pages: 579-589

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