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This study reports the use of the recently developed EASZY assay that uses transgenic cyp19a1b-GFP zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos to assess in vivo estrogenic activity of 33 surface (SW) and waste water (WW) samples collected across Europe that were previously well-characterized for estrogen hormones and in vitro estrogenic activity. We showed that 18 out of the 33 SW and WW samples induced estrogenic responses in the EASZY assay leading to a significant and concentration-dependent up-regulation of the ER-regulated cyp19a1b gene expression in the developing brain. The in vivo 17β-estradiol-equivalents (EEQs) were highly correlated with, both, the chemical analytical risk quotient (RQ) based on steroidal estrogen concentrations and EEQs reported from five different in vitro reporter gene assays. Regression analyses between the vitro and in vivo effect concentrations allowed us to determine an optimal cut-off value for each in vitro assay, above which in vivo responses were observed. These in vitro assay-specific effect-based trigger values (EBTs), ranging from 0.28 to 0.58 ng EEQ/L define the sensitivity and specificity of the individual in vitro assays for predicting a risk associated with substances acting through the same mode of action in water samples. Altogether, this study demonstrates the toxicological relevance of in vitro-based assessment of estrogenic activity and recommends the use of such in vitro/in vivo comparative approach to refine and validate EBTs for mechanism-based bioassays.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Environment international
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Nail surface abnormalities is any conditions that affect the nail matrix or nail bed which cause nail plates grow defectively. Common nail surface abnormalities are pitting nails, longitud...
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Waste products which, upon release into the atmosphere, water or soil, cause health risks to humans or animals through skin contact, inhalation or ingestion. Hazardous waste sites which contain hazardous waste substances go here.
A process of waste disposal involving the conversion of green waste (i.e. leaves, organic matter, food waste, manure) into soil-enhancing matter.
Sites that receive and store WASTE PRODUCTS. Some facilities also sort, process, and recycle specific waste products.
Physiologic or biochemical monitoring of the fetus. It is usually done during LABOR, OBSTETRIC and may be performed in conjunction with the monitoring of uterine activity. It may also be performed prenatally as when the mother is undergoing surgery.
Management, removal, and elimination of biologic, infectious, pathologic, and dental waste. The concept includes blood, mucus, tissue removed at surgery or autopsy, soiled surgical dressings, and other materials requiring special control and handling. Disposal may take place where the waste is generated or elsewhere.
An assay is an analytic procedure for qualitatively assessing or quantitatively measuring the presence or amount or the functional activity of a target entity. This can be a drug or biochemical substance or a cell in an organism or organic sample. ...