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The epidemiological analysis of geographical inequalities in individual outcomes is a fundamental theme in public health research. However, many traditional studies focus on analysing area differences in averages outcomes, disregarding individual variation around such averages. In doing so, these studies may produce misleading information and lead researchers to draw incorrect conclusions. Analysing individual and municipality differences in body mass index (BMI) and overweight/obesity status, we apply an analytical approach based on the multilevel analysis of individual heterogeneity and discriminatory accuracy (MAIHDA). This analytical approach may be viewed as a reorganization of existing multilevel modelling concepts in order to provide a systematic approach to simultaneously considering both differences between area averages and individual heterogeneity around those averages. In doing so, MAIHDA provides an improved approach to the quantification and understanding of geographical inequalities as compared with traditional approaches.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Health & place
Tobacco smoking is a key cause of mortality, morbidity and health inequalities. The unprecedented English health inequalities strategy (1999-2010) sought to reduce health inequalities, by, in part, in...
International comparisons are suggesting that mortality inequalities may have changed in the last years, although not always into the same direction. Only a few studies examined myocardial infarction ...
In 2014⁻2017, the Lithuanian University of Health Sciences and partners implemented the project, 'Development of the Model for the Strengthening of the Capacities to Identify and Reduce Health Inequ...
Introduction: Health inequalities is a complex issue and may appear to be unrelated to the reality of field workers. This article describes Lor’IS, a support grid for project leaders designed to enable them to review their actions based on criteria contributing to reduction of social and geographical inequalities in health.Methods: This tool was based on a review of the literature and assess
Health inequalities is a complex issue and may appear to be unrelated to the reality of field workers. This article describes Lor'IS, a support grid for project leaders designed to enable them to revi...
Introduction: Local health contracts are a promising tool to reduce social and geographical inequalities in health. They are optimally effective when they are designed to mobilize the resources of various sectors to target the essential, upstream determinants of inequalities.Methods: We propose a checklist of their capacities to achieve this goal, comprising two parts.Results: the targets and obje
Local health contracts are a promising tool to reduce social and geographical inequalities in health. They are optimally effective when they are designed to mobilize the resources of various sectors t...
Precariousness is a multifactorial concept that can be broken down in the form of economic insecurity, and / or social insecurity and / or territorial insecurity. Precariousness has an imp...
The Healthy Environments Partnership was established in October 2000, as a part of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences “Health Disparities Initiative.” The Healthy...
The purpose of this study is to identify and evaluate dissemination strategies to support the uptake of evidence-based programs and policies (EBPPs) for diabetes prevention and control amo...
Socioeconomic inequalities are increasingly recognised as an important public health issue, and it is now well established that patients with socioeconomic deprivation (SED) features demon...
The purpose of this study is to assess whether a 6-month multilevel physical activity intervention can significantly increase physical activity levels in sedentary adults, 65 and older, li...
The ongoing, systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of health-related data with the purpose of preventing or controlling disease or injury, or of identifying unusual events of public health importance, followed by the dissemination and use of information for public health action. (From Am J Prev Med 2011;41(6):636)
Individuals enrolled in a school of PUBLIC HEALTH or a formal educational program in public health.
A field of study that examines the organization, financing, and delivery of public health services within communities, and the impact of these services on public health.
The transfer of information from experts in the medical and public health fields to patients and the public. The study and use of communication strategies to inform and influence individual and community decisions that enhance health.
Nurses whose goal is to improve health and quality of life in a population or community through the prevention and treatment of disease and other physical and mental health conditions, the surveillance of cases and health indicators, and the promotion of healthy behaviors through public education and awareness.
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Obesity is the condition in which excess fat has accumulated in the body (mostly in subcutaneous tissues). clinical obesity is considered to be present when a person has a BMI of over 30 (Oxford Dictionary of Medicine). It is becoming increasing common i...
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...