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We herein report the first attempt to engineer a coaxial-sensing 3D amplifier able to achieve dynamic self-assembly in response to a mutated-ctDNA target. A bio-nanofiber is firstly manufactured via an ingenious double-channel electrostatic spinning and DNA rolling circle replication (RCR) technology, which offered an ideal scaffold for assembly of 3D amplifier activated by target recognition. The coaxial-controllable signal amplifier presented several advantages. (1) Given its "coaxial sensing effect", the proposed bio-amplifier played the coaxial transduction for signal enrichment to vastly increase sensitivity, capable of discriminating a single-base mismatched sequence from the perfectly complementary one, using ctDNA-134A as a model analyte. (2) Due to "covalent bridges lock effect" in an identifying chip with locked nucleic acid beacons, this 3D amplifier expressed high specificity and biostability toward seven different mutated-ctDNAs. (3) Profiting from special configuration of bioactive nanofibers and DNA replication programming, this catalytic bio-amplifier possessed "signal enrichment effect", which enhanced dynamic range toward ctDNA-134A detection and hybridized without any external indicators. This innovative bio-amplifier has a detection limit of 5.1 aM for ctDNA-134A with superior specificity, excellent sensitivity, and good performance. This pioneered method was further applied for broadly differentiate cells and evaluate changes in the expression levels of intracellular mutated-ctDNAs.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Biosensors & bioelectronics
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