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Metachromatic Leukodystrophy (MLD) and Multiple Sulfatase Deficiency (MSD) are rare and ultra-rare lysosomal storage diseases. Due to enzyme defects, patients are unable to split the sulfategroup from the respective substrates. In MSD all sulfatases are affected due to a defect of the Sulfatase Modifying Factor 1 (SUMF1) gene coding for the formylglycine generating enzyme (FGE) necessary for the modification of the active site of sulfatases. In MLD mutations in the arylsulfatase A (ARSA) gene cause ARSA deficiency with subsequent accumulation of 3-sulfogalactocerebroside especially in oligodendrocytes. The clinical consequence is demyelination and a devastating neurological disease. Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with recombinant human arylsulfatase A (rhARSA), gene therapy, and stem cell transplantation are suggested as new therapeutic options. The aim of our study was to characterize rhARSA concerning its substrate specificity using analytical isotachophoresis (ITP). Substrate specificity could be demonstrated by sulfate splitting from the natural substrates 3-sulfogalactocerebroside and ascorbyl-2-sulfate and the artificial substrate p-nitrocatecholsulfate, whereas galactose-6-sulfate, a substrate of galactose-6‑sulfurylase, was totally resistant. In contrast, leukocyte extracts of healthy donors were able to split sulfate also from galactose-6-sulfate. The ITP method allows therefore a rapid and simple differentiation between samples of MLD and MSD patients and healthy donors. Therefore, the isotachophoretic diagnostic assay from leukocyte extracts described here provides a fast and efficient way for the diagnosis of MLD and MSD patients and an elegant system to differentiate between these diseases in one assay.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences
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An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of cerebroside 3-sulfate (sulfatide) to yield a cerebroside and inorganic sulfate. A marked deficiency of arylsulfatase A, which is considered the heat-labile component of cerebroside sulfatase, has been demonstrated in all forms of metachromatic leukodystrophy (LEUKODYSTROPHY, METACHROMATIC). EC 220.127.116.11.
An arylsulfatase with high specificity towards sulfated steroids. Defects in this enzyme are the cause of ICHTHYOSIS, X-LINKED.
Mucopolysaccharidosis with excessive chondroitin sulfate B in urine, characterized by dwarfism and deafness. It is caused by a deficiency of N-acetylgalactosamine-4-sulfatase (arylsulfatase B).
An arylsulfatase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of the 4-sulfate groups of the N-acetyl-D-galactosamine 4-sulfate units of chondroitin sulfate and dermatan sulfate. A deficiency of this enzyme is responsible for the inherited lysosomal disease, Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome (MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDOSIS VI). EC 18.104.22.168.
An inherited metabolic disorder characterized by the intralysosomal accumulation of sulfur-containing lipids (sulfatides) and MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDES. Excess levels of both substrates are present in urine. This is a disorder of multiple sulfatase (arylsulfatases A, B, and C) deficiency which is caused by the mutation of sulfatase-modifying factor-1. Neurological deterioration is rapid.
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