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Why systematic literature reviews in fabry disease should include all published evidence.

08:00 EDT 10th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Why systematic literature reviews in fabry disease should include all published evidence."

Fabry disease is an X-linked inherited, progressive disorder of lipid metabolism resulting from the deficient activity of the enzyme α-galactosidase. Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with recombinant agalsidase, with intravenous infusions of either agalsidase beta or agalsidase alfa, is available and clinical experience now exceeds 15 years. There are very few randomised, placebo-controlled clinical trials evaluating the outcomes of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT). Data are often derived from observational, registry-based studies and case reports. Pooled analysis of data from different sources may be limited by the heterogeneity of the patient populations, outcomes and treatment. Therefore, comprehensive systematic literature reviews of unpooled data are needed to determine the effects of ERT on disease outcomes. A systematic literature search was conducted in Embase and PubMed (MEDLINE) databases to retrieve original articles that evaluated outcomes of ERT in patients with Fabry disease; the outcome data were analysed unpooled. The literature analysis included the full range of published literature including observational studies and case series/case reports. Considerable heterogeneity was found among the studies, with differences in sample size, statistical methods, ERT regimens and patient demographic and clinical characteristics. We have demonstrated the value of performing an unpooled systematic literature review of all published evidence of ERT outcomes in Fabry disease, highlighting that in a rare genetic disorder like Fabry disease, which is phenotypically diverse, different patient populations can require different disease management and therapeutic goals depending on patient age, genotype, and disease severity/level of organ involvement. In addition, these findings are valuable to guide the design and reporting of new clinical studies.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: European journal of medical genetics
ISSN: 1878-0849
Pages: 103702

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An article or book published after examination of published material on a subject. It may be comprehensive to various degrees and the time range of material scrutinized may be broad or narrow, but the reviews most often desired are reviews of the current literature. The textual material examined may be equally broad and can encompass, in medicine specifically, clinical material as well as experimental research or case reports. State-of-the-art reviews tend to address more current matters. A review of the literature must be differentiated from HISTORICAL ARTICLE on the same subject, but a review of historical literature is also within the scope of this publication type.

Published materials which provide an examination of recent or current literature. Review articles can cover a wide range of subject matter at various levels of completeness and comprehensiveness based on analyses of literature that may include research findings. The review may reflect the state of the art. It also includes reviews as a literary form.

Works consisting of studies using a quantitative method of combining the results of independent studies (usually drawn from the published literature) and synthesizing summaries and conclusions which may be used to evaluate therapeutic effectiveness, plan new studies, etc. It is often an overview of clinical trials. It is usually called a meta-analysis by the author or sponsoring body and should be differentiated from reviews of literature.

A process that searches for hidden and important connections among information embedded in published literature.

An X-linked inherited metabolic disease caused by a deficiency of lysosomal ALPHA-GALACTOSIDASE A. It is characterized by intralysosomal accumulation of globotriaosylceramide and other GLYCOSPHINGOLIPIDS in blood vessels throughout the body leading to multi-system complications including renal, cardiac, cerebrovascular, and skin disorders.

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