Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) causes high rates of mortality and morbidity. A covered stent is an effective endovascular treatment for complicated aneurysms intractable to endovascular coiling and surgical clipping. However, in-stent restenosis and delayed endothelialization are the main challenges contributing to its safety. In this study, we designed a biofunctional stent covered with dual drug-loaded electrospun fibers to achieve programmed vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and paclitaxel (PTX) release for the early promotion of stent endothelialization and long-term inhibition of stenosis caused by smooth muscle hyperplasia. By encapsulating PTX-loaded mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) within electrospun polylactic acid (PLA) fibers, the release period of PTX was effectively extended. Furthermore, VEGF was conjugated onto the surface of the membrane by reacting with polydopamine (PDA) for quick release. The in vitro drug release profile revealed the sustained release of PTX, which persisted for 63 days without early burst release, while up to 87.05% of VEGF was rapidly released within 3 days. After 6 days of incubation, cell experiments demonstrated that the dual drug-loaded scaffold effectively prompted endothelial cell proliferation (488% vs. 386% in the control group, P=0.001) and inhibited the proliferation of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) using the 21-day extracts (155% vs. 303% in the control group, P=0.039). Animal studies showed that compared to bare stents, the drug-loaded covered stents improved the immediate- and mid-term complete aneurysm occlusion rates (P<0.05). The drug-loaded covered stents also showed earlier endothelialization promotion and better lumen restenosis than normal covered stents (0% vs. 25%, P=0.29) for 12 weeks. Overall, a programmed dual drug-loaded scaffold that effectively occluded the aneurysm sac was developed in this study, and the discrete release of VEGF and PTX promoted endothelialization and prevented in-stent stenosis. This study provided a new method to improve the biosafety of implanted covered stents for the treatment of intracranial aneurysms. STATEMENT OF
Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is one of the most common hemorrhage stroke resulted in a nearly 40% mortality and 33% morbidity due to sudden rupture of an intracranial aneurysm. Endovascular coil embolism is a popular treatment for aneurysm but this technique run high risk of bleeding, mass effect, low complete occlusion rate and higher recanalization rate due to its operation conducted within aneurysm sac. A bio-functional membrane knitted by dual-drug loaded electrospun fibers covered on a stent was designed to realize programed vascular endothelial growth factor and paclitaxel release for the early promotion of vascular endothelium and long-term inhibition of stenosis caused by smooth muscle hyperplasia. This study provides new method to improve the biosafety of covered stent insertion for the treatment of intracranial aneurysms.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Acta biomaterialia
Multiple drug resistance (MDR) of cancer cells is a major cause of chemotherapy failure. It is currently a great challenge to develop a direct and effective strategy for continuously inhibiting the P-...
Prolonged dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in high bleeding risk (HBR) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention can be challenging. We assessed the clinical safety of bare-metal stent (B...
To evaluate the incidence of in-stent restenosis (ISR) at 12-month follow-up, in patients treated with new dual-layer Roadsaver (Terumo Corp, Tokyo, Japan) carotid artery stent (CAS).
Drug-eluting stents (DES) have been widely applied for saving the life of patients with coronary artery diseases (CADs). However, conventional polymers such as polylactic acid (PLA) and poly (lactic-c...
The usefulness of newly modified fully covered metallic stent of 12 mm in diameter and anti-migration feature for periampullary malignant biliary strictures: comparison with conventional standard metal stent.
Fully covered self-expandable metal stent (FCSEMS) are preferred for distal malignant biliary stricture (MBS). However, stent migration is a major adverse event of FCSEMS, especially for far distal MB...
Investigators aim to compare the efficacy of 8 mm Fluency covered stent and bare stent in transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) for the treatment of cirrhotic portal hyperte...
The purpose of this prospective, randomized multicenter study is to determine whether there is any difference in stent patency of covered metallic stents in terms of stent positioning, abo...
The aim of this animal study is determining the technical feasibility of the novel flower-type covered self-expandable metal stent (F-CSEMS) and investigating whether the novel flower-type...
Collect confirmatory evidence of the safety and effectiveness of the Balloon LIFESTREAM™ Stent Graft for the treatment of stenoses and occlusion in the iliac arteries.
This study evaluates the incidence of hepatic encephalopathy between covered stent of diameter of 7mm and 8mm in TIPS(transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent shunt ).Half of the part...
A TEXTILE fiber obtained from the pappus (outside the SEEDS) of cotton plant (GOSSYPIUM). Inhalation of cotton fiber dust over a prolonged period can result in BYSSINOSIS.
A class of nerve fibers as defined by their structure, specifically the nerve sheath arrangement. The AXONS of the unmyelinated nerve fibers are small. The axons to SCHWANN CELLS ratio is greater in the unmyelinated nerve fibers than that in the myelinated fiber (NERVE FIBERS, MYELINATED) which is 1:1. Usually several axons are surrounded by a single Schwann cell in the unmyelinated nerve fibers. Therefore, each unmyelinated fiber is not completely covered by the MYELIN SHEATH formed by the Schwann cell. Unmyelinated nerve fibers conduct impulses at low velocities. They represent the majority of peripheral sensory and autonomic fibers. They are also found in the spinal cord and brain.
Stents that are covered with materials that are embedded with chemicals that are gradually released into the surrounding milieu.
Infrequent or difficult evacuation of FECES. These symptoms are associated with a variety of causes, including low DIETARY FIBER intake, emotional or nervous disturbances, systemic and structural disorders, drug-induced aggravation, and infections.
Techniques using laser energy in combination with a balloon catheter to perform angioplasty. These procedures can take several forms including: 1, laser fiber delivering the energy while the inflated balloon centers the fiber and occludes the blood flow; 2, balloon angioplasty immediately following laser angioplasty; or 3, laser energy transmitted through angioplasty balloons that contain an internal fiber.
A stent is a small mesh tube that's used to treat narrow or weak arteries. Arteries are blood vessels that carry blood away from your heart to other parts of your body. A stent is placed in an artery as part of a procedure called angioplasty. &...
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...
Acute Coronary Syndromes ACS
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) is an umbrella term for situations where the blood supplied to the heart muscle is suddenly blocked. Treatment for acute coronary syndrome includes medicines and a procedure known as angioplasty, during which doctors inflat...