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Crystal structures of cold-adapted β-D-galactosidase (EC 22.214.171.124) from the Antarctic bacterium Arthrobacter sp. 32cB (ArthβDG) have been determined in an unliganded form resulting from diffraction experiments conducted at 100 K (at resolution 1.8 Å) and at room temperature (at resolution 3.0 Å). A detailed comparison of those two structures of the same enzyme was performed in order to estimate differences in their molecular flexibility and rigidity and to study structural rationalization for the cold-adaptation of the investigated enzyme. Furthermore, a comparative analysis with structures of homologous enzymes from psychrophilic, mesophilic, and thermophilic sources has been discussed to elucidate the relationship between structure and cold-adaptation in a wider context. The performed studies confirm that the structure of cold-adapted ArthβDG maintains balance between molecular stability and structural flexibility, which can be observed independently on the temperature of conducted X-ray diffraction experiments. Obtained information about proper protein function under given conditions provide a guideline for rational engineering of proteins in terms of their temperature optimum and thermal stability.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Biochimica et biophysica acta. Proteins and proteomics
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The genetic unit consisting of three structural genes, an operator and a regulatory gene. The regulatory gene controls the synthesis of the three structural genes: BETA-GALACTOSIDASE and beta-galactoside permease (involved with the metabolism of lactose), and beta-thiogalactoside acetyltransferase.
A group of enzymes that catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing beta-D-galactose residues in beta-galactosides. Deficiency of beta-Galactosidase A1 may cause GANGLIOSIDOSIS, GM1.
An autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder caused by the absence or deficiency of BETA-GALACTOSIDASE. It is characterized by intralysosomal accumulation of G(M1) GANGLIOSIDE and oligosaccharides, primarily in neurons of the central nervous system. The infantile form is characterized by MUSCLE HYPOTONIA, poor psychomotor development, HIRSUTISM, hepatosplenomegaly, and facial abnormalities. The juvenile form features HYPERACUSIS; SEIZURES; and psychomotor retardation. The adult form features progressive DEMENTIA; ATAXIA; and MUSCLE SPASTICITY. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp96-7)
A genus of asporogenous bacteria isolated from soil that displays a distinctive rod-coccus growth cycle.
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