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The "jet stream" model predicts an expired flow within the dorsal part of the buccal cavity with small air mixing during buccal pump ventilation, and has been suggested for some anuran amphibians but no other species of air breathing animal using a buccal force pump has been investigated. The presence of a two-stroke buccal pump in lungfish, i.e. expiration followed by inspiration, was described previously, but no quantitative data are available for the dead-space of their respiratory system and neither a detailed description of airflow throughout a breathing cycle. The present study aimed to assess the degree of mixing of fresh air and expired gas during the breathing cycle of Lepidosiren paradoxa and to verify the possible presence of a jet stream during expiration in this species. To do so, simultaneous measurements of buccal pressure and ventilatory airflows were carried out. Buccal and lung gases (PCO and PO) were also measured. The effective ventilation was calculated and the dead space estimated using Bohr equations. The results confirmed that the two-stroke buccal pump is present in lungfish, as it is in anuran amphibians. The present approaches were coherent with a small dead space, with a very small buccal-lung PCO difference. In the South American lungfish the dead space (V) as a percentage of tidal volume (V) (V / V) ranged from 4.1 to 12.5%. Our data support the presence of a jet stream and indicate a small degree of air mixing in the buccal cavity. Comparisons with the literature indicate that these data are similar to previous data reported for the toad Rhinella schneideri.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part A, Molecular & integrative physiology
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Individual members of South American ethnic groups with historic ancestral origins in Asia.
A family of New World monkeys in the infraorder PLATYRRHINI, consisting of nine subfamilies: ALOUATTINAE; AOTINAE; Atelinae; Callicebinae; CALLIMICONINAE; CALLITRICHINAE; CEBINAE; Pithecinae; and SAIMIRINAE. They inhabit the forests of South and Central America, comprising the largest family of South American monkeys.
Administration of a soluble dosage form between the cheek and gingiva. It may involve direct application of a drug onto the buccal mucosa, as by painting or spraying.
Scientific study of human skeletal remains with the express purpose of identification. This includes establishing individual identity, trauma analysis, facial reconstruction, photographic superimposition, determination of time interval since death, and crime-scene recovery. Forensic anthropologists do not certify cause of death but provide data to assist in determination of probable cause. This is a branch of the field of physical anthropology and qualified individuals are certified by the American Board of Forensic Anthropology. (From Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1992 Jun;13(2):146)
That part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT or the air within the respiratory tract that does not exchange OXYGEN and CARBON DIOXIDE with pulmonary capillary blood.
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...
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