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Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a major public health concern, especially among infants and young children. The primary pathogen of HFMD is enterovirus 71 (EV71), whose capsid assembly mechanism including capsid protein processing has been widely studied. However, some of its mechanisms remain unclear, such as the VP0 cleavage. This study aimed to identify the cleavage site of the EV71 VP0 capsid protein and to elucidate the effects of EV71 VP0 cleavage on viral infectivity and assembly. A mass spectrometry analysis indicated that the cleavage site of EV71 VP0 is located between residues Lys69 and Ser70. To analyze the importance of either residue to cleavage, we designed single mutations of Lys69, Ser70 and double mutations respectively and implemented these genomes to encapsulation. The results indicated that Ser70 is more important for VP0 cleavage and EV71 infectivity. In addition, exogenous expression of EV71 protease 2A and 3C was used to verify whether they play roles in VP0 cleavage. Analyses also showed that none of them participate in this process. This study provides novel insights into the mechanisms of EV71 capsid maturation, which may be a potential target to improve the productivity and immunogenicity of EV71 vaccines.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Microbial pathogenesis
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A RNA-binding protein that stimulates the cleavage of the 3' end of MRNA near the POLYADENYLATION site. It is a heterotrimer of 55-, 64- and 77-kDa subunits and combines with CLEAVAGE STIMULATION FACTOR to form a stable complex with mRNA that directs the 3' cleavage and polyadenylation reaction.
Factors that are involved in directing the cleavage and POLYADENYLATION of the of MESSENGER RNA near the site of the RNA 3' POLYADENYLATION SIGNALS.
An RNA-binding protein that recognizes the AAUAAA RNA SEQUENCE at the 3' end of MRNA. It contains four subunits of 30, 73, 100 and 160 kDa molecular size and combines with CLEAVAGE STIMULATION FACTOR to form a stable complex with mRNA that directs the 3' cleavage and polyadenylation reaction.
The earliest developmental stage of a fertilized ovum (ZYGOTE) during which there are several mitotic divisions within the ZONA PELLUCIDA. Each cleavage or segmentation yields two BLASTOMERES of about half size of the parent cell. This cleavage stage generally covers the period up to 16-cell MORULA.
A family of enzymes that catalyze the exonucleolytic cleavage of DNA. It includes members of the class EC 3.1.11 that produce 5'-phosphomonoesters as cleavage products.
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