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Consequences of inner mitochondrial membrane protein misfolding.

08:00 EDT 10th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Consequences of inner mitochondrial membrane protein misfolding."

Proteins embedded in the inner mitochondrial membrane (IMM) perform essential cellular functions. Maintaining the folding state of these proteins is therefore of the utmost importance, and this is ensured by IMM chaperones and proteases that refold and degrade unassembled and misfolded proteins. However, the physiological consequences specific to IMM protein misfolding remain obscure because deletion of these chaperones/proteases (the typical experimental strategy) often affects many mitochondrial processes other than protein folding and turnover. Thus, novel experimental systems are needed to evaluate the direct effects of misfolded protein on the membrane. Such a system has been developed in recent years. Studies suggest that numerous pathogenic mutations in isoform 1 of adenine nucleotide translocase (Ant1) cause its misfolding on the IMM. In this review, we first discuss potential mechanisms by which dominant Ant1 mutations may cause disease, highlighting IMM protein misfolding, per se, as a likely pathological factor. Then we discuss the intramitochondrial effects of Ant1 misfolding such as IMM proteostatic stress, respiratory chain dysfunction, and mtDNA instability. Finally, we summarize the mounting evidence that IMM proteostatic stress can perturb mitochondrial protein import to cause the toxic accumulation of mitochondrial proteins in the cytosol: a cell stress mechanism termed mitochondrial Precursor Overaccumulation Stress (mPOS).

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Mitochondrion
ISSN: 1872-8278
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