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Chemical tuning for potential antitumor fluoroquinolones.

08:00 EDT 10th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Chemical tuning for potential antitumor fluoroquinolones."

Phototoxic effects of 6,8 dihalogenated quinolones confers to this type of molecules a potential property as photochemotherapeutic agents. Two photodehalogenation processes seem to be involved in the remarkable photoinduced cellular damage. In this context, a new 6,8 dihalogenated quinolone 1 (1-methyl-6,8-difluoro-4-oxo-7-aminodimethyl-1,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylic acid) was synthetized looking for improving the phototoxic properties of fluoroquinolones (FQ) and to determine the role of the photodegradation pathways in the FQ phototoxicity. With this purpose, fluorescence emissions, laser flash photolysis experiments and photodegradation studies were performed with compound 1 using 1-ethyl-6,8-difluoro-4-oxo-7-aminodimethyl-1,4-dihidroquinoline-3-carboxylic acid (2) and lomefloxacin (LFX) as reference compounds. The shortening of alkyl chain of the N(1) of the quinolone ring revealed a lifetime increase of the reactive aryl cation generated from photolysis of the three FQ and a significant reduction of the FQ photodegradation quantum yield. The fact that these differences were smaller when the same study was done using a hydrogen donor solvent (ethanol-aqueous buffer, 50/50 v/v) evidenced the highest ability of the reactive intermediate arising from 1 to produce intermolecular alkylations. These results were correlated with in vitro 3T3 NRU phototoxicity test. Thus, when Photo-Irritation-Factor (PIF) was determined for 1, 2 and LFX using cytotoxicity profiles of BALB/c 3T3 fibroblasts treated with each compound in the presence and absence of UVA light, a PIF more higher than 30 was obtained for 1 while the values for 2 and LFX were only higher than 8 and 10, respectively. Thereby, the present study illustrates an approach to modulate the photosensitizing properties of FQ with the purpose to improve the chemotherapeutic properties of antitumor quinolones. Moreover, the results obtained in this study also evidence that the key pathway responsible for the phototoxic properties associated with dihalogenated quinolones is the aryl cation generation.

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Name: Free radical biology & medicine
ISSN: 1873-4596
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