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The intense and prolonged inflammatory response after ischemic stroke significantly contributes to the secondary neural injury. PI3Kγ, which is involved in the regulation of vascular permeability, chemotactic leukocyte migration and microglia activation, is a key target for intervention in the inflammatory response. In this study, we identified the protective effect of the PI3Kγ inhibitor AS605240 against stroke-related injury in the mouse model of transient intraluminal middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO). The results showed that administration of AS605240 could improve the neurological function score, reduce the infarct size and decrease astrocyte activation in the tMCAO mice after injury. The inhibitory effect of AS605240 on microglia activation is relatively clear. Therefore, in this study, the effects of AS605240 on astrocytes were studied in cell cultures. IL-6 and its soluble receptor were used to construct the astrocyte activation model. AS605240 treatment significantly reduced the astrocyte activation markers and the morphological changes of cells. We also identified 13 inflammatory factors whose expression was significantly upregulated by IL-6/sIL-6R and significantly inhibited by AS605240 at the protein level, and 7 of those factors were verified at the mRNA level. These results indicated that specific inhibition of PI3Kγ could reduce astrocyte activation induced by inflammation, which might aid the repair and remodeling of neurons in the later stage after ischemic stroke.
This article was published in the following journal.
Genetic and pharmacological inhibition of the PI3Kγ (phosphoinositide 3-kinase-γ) exerts anti-inflammatory and protective effects in a number of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. SHRs (spontaneo...
KY-226 is a protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) inhibitor that protects neurons from cerebral ischemic injury. KY-226 restores Akt (protein kinase B) phosphorylation and extracellular signal-regul...
Osteoarthritis (OA), an age-related degenerative disease, is characterized by progressive degradation of the articular cartilage. There is increasing evidence that nobiletin (NOB) exerts special biolo...
Oxidative stress-induced vascular endothelial cell (VEC) injury is a major mechanism in the initiation and development of atherosclerosis. Lunasin, a soybean-derived 43-aa peptide, has been previously...
The present study examined the potential function and underlying mechanisms of microRNA-125a (miR-125a) in thyroiditis. Mice were subcutaneously administered with 100 µg porcine thyroglobulin weekly ...
This is a phase II, exploratory, open-label, single arm study of BYL719 monotherapy, a selective phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) alpha inhibitor, in adult patients with advanced metas...
PI3K signaling is a hallmark of many cancers. Subsets of cancers become dependent on PI3K pathway signaling as a result of mutations of the PIK3CA gene itself or of regulators of PI3K (e.g...
It is known that after application of MK-3475 activated PD -1 negatively regulates the activation of T cells through suppression of the path of PI3K / Akt. This study will identify the ef...
This is a single center prospective imaging study investigating the utility of hyperpolarized C-13 pyruvate as a Biomarker of PI3K/mTOR pathway inhibition in patients with advanced solid t...
The purpose of this study is to delineate the effects of preoperative oral carbohydrate on immediate postoperative insulin resistance (PIR) in patients undergoing elective open colorectal ...
A synthetic prostaglandin E analog that protects the gastric mucosa, prevents ulceration, and promotes the healing of peptic ulcers. The protective effect is independent of acid inhibition. It is also a potent inhibitor of pancreatic function and growth of experimental tumors.
A synthetic prostaglandin E analog that protects the gastric mucosa, prevents ulceration, and promotes healing of peptic ulcers. The protective effect is independent of acid inhibition. It is also a potent inhibitor of pancreatic function and can inhibit the growth of experimental tumors.
Strains of mice arising from a parental inbred stock that was subsequently used to produce substrains of knockout and other mutant mice with targeted mutations.
Anti-inflammatory agents that are not steroids. In addition to anti-inflammatory actions, they have analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions. They are used primarily in the treatment of chronic arthritic conditions and certain soft tissue disorders associated with pain and inflammation. They act by blocking the synthesis of prostaglandins by inhibiting cyclooxygenase, which converts arachidonic acid to cyclic endoperoxides, precursors of prostaglandins. Inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis accounts for their analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions; other mechanisms may contribute to their anti-inflammatory effects. Certain NSAIDs also may inhibit lipoxygenase enzymes or TYPE C PHOSPHOLIPASES or may modulate T-cell function. (AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p 1814-5)
Mice homozygous for the mutant autosomal recessive gene "scid" which is located on the centromeric end of chromosome 16. These mice lack mature, functional lymphocytes and are thus highly susceptible to lethal opportunistic infections if not chronically treated with antibiotics. The lack of B- and T-cell immunity resembles severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) syndrome in human infants. SCID mice are useful as animal models since they are receptive to implantation of a human immune system producing SCID-human (SCID-hu) hematochimeric mice.
Cytokine Tumour Necrosis Factor (TNF)
TNF is a compound that is classified as a cytokine which plays a central role in the cellular mechanisms of apoptosis or cell death. However, there are a number of different kinds of TNF, just under twenty, but the family of molecules have very similar a...
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
Alzheimer's Disease Anesthesia Anxiety Disorders Autism Bipolar Disorders Dementia Epilepsy Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Neurology Pain Parkinson's Disease Sleep Disorders Neurology is the branch of me...