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Bacterial antioxidants play a vital role in the detoxification of exogenous peroxides. Several antioxidant defenses including low-molecular-weight thiols (LMWTs) and protective enzymes were developed to help the bacterium withstand the adverse stress. Although osmotically induced bacterial protein C (OsmC), classified as the organic hydroperoxide reductase (Ohr)/OsmC superfamily, has been demonstrated in some mycobacterial species, including M. tuberculosis and M. smegmatis, its physiological and biochemical functions in C. glutamicum remained elusive. Here we found the lack of C. glutamicum osmC gene resulted in decreased cell viability and increased intracellular reactive oxygen species accumulation under organic hydroperoxides (OHPs) stress conditions. The osmC expression was induced in the multiple antibiotic resistance regulator MarR-dependent manner by OHPs, and not by other oxidants or osmotic stress. Peroxide reductase activity showed that OsmC had a narrow range of substrates-only degrading OHPs, and detoxified OHPs mainly by linking the alkyl hydroperoxide reductase (AhpD) system (AhpD/dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (Lpd)/dihydrolipoamide acyltransferase (SucB)). Site-directed mutagenesis confirmed Cys48 was the peroxidatic cysteine, while Cys114 was the resolving Cys residue that formed an intramolecular disulfide bond with oxidized Cys48. Therefore, C. glutamicum OsmC was a thiol-dependent OHP reductase and played important role of protection against OHPs together with Ohr.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of biological macromolecules
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A species in the genus CORYNEBACTERIUM, family Corynebacteriaceae, which is used for industrial production of the amino acid LYSINE. It is closely related to Corynebacterium glutamicum.
A species of gram-positive, asporogenous, non-pathogenic, soil bacteria that produces GLUTAMIC ACID.
A species of CORYNEBACTERIUM isolated from abscesses of warm-blooded animals.
NADPH-dependent reductase that catalyzes the reduction of many carbonyl compounds including QUINONES; PROSTAGLANDINS; and XENOBIOTICS.
A subclass of ORGANIC ANION TRANSPORTERS whose transport of organic anions is driven either directly or indirectly by a gradient of sodium ions.
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