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Peripheral Nerve Injury Attenuates Stress-Induced Fos-Family Expression in the Locus Coeruleus of Male Sprague-Dawley Rats.

08:00 EDT 10th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Peripheral Nerve Injury Attenuates Stress-Induced Fos-Family Expression in the Locus Coeruleus of Male Sprague-Dawley Rats."

The ability to cope with acute stressors is impaired in people with chronic neuropathic injuries. The regulation of stress coping responses depends critically on several parallel interconnected neural circuits, one of which originates in the locus coeruleus. In rats, chronic constriction injury (CCI) and acute stress each modulate noradrenergic activity of the locus coeruleus (LC) although with different temporal patterns. This study investigated the effects of CCI on the neuronal activity of the LC to acute restraint stress using the immunohistochemical detection of Fos-family protein expression. Male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent CCI surgery and 11 days later were restrained for 15 minutes. The number and location of single-labelled neurons (c-Fos, FosB/ΔFosB and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) immunoreactive) neurons and double labelled neurons (c-Fos, or FosB/ΔFosB with TH) were quantified for the LC and surrounding regions. Comparisons were made with rats that underwent sham surgery or anaesthesia (20min). Restraint triggered a struggling response in all rats. CCI attenuated restraint-induced Fos expression in LC neurons. A significant proportion (30-50%) of these LC Fos positive neurons did not contain TH. These data suggest that nerve injury might impair the ordinary cellular response of the LC to an acute stress. The association of stress-related disorders in people with neuropathic injuries suggests that the observations made in this study may reflect a part of the mechanism underlying these clinical comorbidities.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Brain research
ISSN: 1872-6240
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Disease or trauma involving a single peripheral nerve in isolation, or out of proportion to evidence of diffuse peripheral nerve dysfunction. Mononeuropathy multiplex refers to a condition characterized by multiple isolated nerve injuries. Mononeuropathies may result from a wide variety of causes, including ISCHEMIA; traumatic injury; compression; CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASES; CUMULATIVE TRAUMA DISORDERS; and other conditions.

Traumatic injury to the abducens, or sixth, cranial nerve. Injury to this nerve results in lateral rectus muscle weakness or paralysis. The nerve may be damaged by closed or penetrating CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA or by facial trauma involving the orbit.

Diseases characterized by injury or dysfunction involving multiple peripheral nerves and nerve roots. The process may primarily affect myelin or nerve axons. Two of the more common demyelinating forms are acute inflammatory polyradiculopathy (GUILLAIN-BARRE SYNDROME) and POLYRADICULONEUROPATHY, CHRONIC INFLAMMATORY DEMYELINATING. Polyradiculoneuritis refers to inflammation of multiple peripheral nerves and spinal nerve roots.

Diseases of multiple peripheral nerves simultaneously. Polyneuropathies usually are characterized by symmetrical, bilateral distal motor and sensory impairment with a graded increase in severity distally. The pathological processes affecting peripheral nerves include degeneration of the axon, myelin or both. The various forms of polyneuropathy are categorized by the type of nerve affected (e.g., sensory, motor, or autonomic), by the distribution of nerve injury (e.g., distal vs. proximal), by nerve component primarily affected (e.g., demyelinating vs. axonal), by etiology, or by pattern of inheritance.

Complete or severe weakness of the muscles of respiration. This condition may be associated with MOTOR NEURON DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVE DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION DISEASES; SPINAL CORD DISEASES; injury to the PHRENIC NERVE; and other disorders.

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