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Bronchoscopic ablative therapies have been safely and successfully applied for the palliation of malignant central airway obstruction and have the potential for treating inoperable peripheral lung tumors. Proper understanding of technology-tissue interaction allows clinicians to optimize tissue effects, avoid intraoperative complications, predict response to therapy and potential adverse events. This article reviews the basic mechanisms of action and clinical data on bronchoscopic ablation using laser, electrosurgery, photodynamic therapy, cryotherapy, radiofrequency ablation, microwave ablation and thermal vapor ablation for malignant central airway obstruction and peripheral lung tumors.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Bronchoscopic cryotherapy has been considered as one of the optional interventions for unresectable malignant central airway obstruction (CAO). And it provides high safety and effectiveness in airway ...
Malignant central airway stenosis refers to airway stenosis caused by primary or metastatic malignant tumors which may lead to different levels of dyspnea or asphyxia in patients. With the rapid devel...
Pediatric airway disorders may be congenital (anatomical) or acquired (infectious) and may involve the upper, lower, or entire airway, with obstruction being a common feature. The pathophysiology of u...
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The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of an radioactive airway stent loaded with 125I seeds compared to a conventional airway stent in patients with malignant ...
Malignant central airway stenosis caused by primary or metastatic malignant tumor may lead to dyspnea even death of patients.With the rapid development of interventional pulmonology, bronc...
Rationale: Spray cryotherapy (SCT) using liquid nitrogen has been safely and effectively used in the esophagus, airways and pleura. Treatment with SCT for central airway stenosis may provi...
The goal of this clinical research study is learn about side effects and the success of bronchoscopies when performed in cancer patients with and without symptoms. This is an investigatio...
The obstruction of the central airways (CAO) may be caused by a large variety of malignant and non malignant processes, and it may present with a variety of symptoms ranging from mild shor...
A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
Asthma attacks following a period of exercise. Usually the induced attack is short-lived and regresses spontaneously. The magnitude of postexertional airway obstruction is strongly influenced by the environment in which exercise is performed (i.e. inhalation of cold air during physical exertion markedly augments the severity of the airway obstruction; conversely, warm humid air blunts or abolishes it).
Any disorder marked by obstruction of conducting airways of the lung. AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION may be acute, chronic, intermittent, or persistent.
Insertion of a catheter into a peripheral artery, vein, or airway for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.
Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the lungs.
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza, Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...