Bronchoscopic Ablative Therapies for Malignant Central Airway Obstruction and Peripheral Lung Tumors.

08:00 EDT 13th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Bronchoscopic Ablative Therapies for Malignant Central Airway Obstruction and Peripheral Lung Tumors."

Bronchoscopic ablative therapies have been safely and successfully applied for the palliation of malignant central airway obstruction and have the potential for treating inoperable peripheral lung tumors. Proper understanding of technology-tissue interaction allows clinicians to optimize tissue effects, avoid intraoperative complications, predict response to therapy and potential adverse events. This article reviews the basic mechanisms of action and clinical data on bronchoscopic ablation using laser, electrosurgery, photodynamic therapy, cryotherapy, radiofrequency ablation, microwave ablation and thermal vapor ablation for malignant central airway obstruction and peripheral lung tumors.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
ISSN: 2325-6621


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).

Asthma attacks following a period of exercise. Usually the induced attack is short-lived and regresses spontaneously. The magnitude of postexertional airway obstruction is strongly influenced by the environment in which exercise is performed (i.e. inhalation of cold air during physical exertion markedly augments the severity of the airway obstruction; conversely, warm humid air blunts or abolishes it).

Any disorder marked by obstruction of conducting airways of the lung. AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION may be acute, chronic, intermittent, or persistent.

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