Time-Gated Word Recognition in Children: Effects of Auditory Access, Age, and Semantic Context.

08:00 EDT 13th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Time-Gated Word Recognition in Children: Effects of Auditory Access, Age, and Semantic Context."

Purpose We employed a time-gated word recognition task to investigate how children who are hard of hearing (CHH) and children with normal hearing (CNH) combine cognitive-linguistic abilities and acoustic-phonetic cues to recognize words in sentence-final position. Method The current study included 40 CHH and 30 CNH in 1st or 3rd grade. Participants completed vocabulary and working memory tests and a time-gated word recognition task consisting of 14 high- and 14 low-predictability sentences. A time-to-event model was used to evaluate the effect of the independent variables (age, hearing status, predictability) on word recognition. Mediation models were used to examine the associations between the independent variables (vocabulary size and working memory), aided audibility, and word recognition. Results Gated words were identified significantly earlier for high-predictability than low-predictability sentences. First-grade CHH and CNH showed no significant difference in performance. Third-grade CHH needed more information than CNH to identify final words. Aided audibility was associated with word recognition. This association was fully mediated by vocabulary size but not working memory. Conclusions Both CHH and CNH benefited from the addition of semantic context. Interventions that focus on consistent aided audibility and vocabulary may enhance children's ability to fill in gaps in incoming messages.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR
ISSN: 1558-9102
Pages: 1-16


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [31911 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Lexical access and competition in bilingual children: The role of proficiency and the lexical similarity of the two languages.

Using a picture-auditory word recognition task, we examined how early child bilinguals access their languages and how the languages affect one another. Accuracy and response times in "false friends" (...

A real-time mechanism underlying lexical deficits in developmental language disorder: Between-word inhibition.

Eight to 11% of children have a clinical disorder in oral language (Developmental Language Disorder, DLD). Language deficits in DLD can affect all levels of language and persist through adulthood. Wor...

Time Course of the Second Morpheme Processing During Spoken Disyllabic Compound Word Recognition in Chinese.

This study aimed to investigate the time course of meaning activation of the 2nd morpheme processing of compound words during Chinese spoken word recognition using eye tracking technique with the prin...

Exploration of head-related transfer function and environmental sounds as a means to improve auditory scanning for children requiring augmentative and alternative communication.

Many individuals who require augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) cannot directly select items on computer-based displays. Individuals who also have visual impairments may need to rely on ...

Effects of Signs on Word Learning by Children With Developmental Language Disorder.

Purpose This study investigated the effects of signs on word learning by children with developmental language disorder (DLD), in comparison with typically developing (TD) children, and the relation be...

Clinical Trials [13391 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Partial Word Knowledge Growth in Children With LLD

Children with language-learning disabilities (LLD) have language and reading skills that are weaker than those of typically developing children. In the school-age years, reading is a prim...

Auditory Training With Speech Related Acoustic Cues Using Psychophysical Testing

In this study, the investigators will evaluate whether auditory training with speech-related acoustic features in psychophysical testing will help CI subjects improve speech recognition. T...

Experimental Word Learning in Children With and Without Language Impairment

The purpose of this study is to compare the performances of normally developing children and children with Language Impairment (LI) in three different experimental settings designed to pro...

Comparative Effects of Two Anesthetic Techniques on Auditory Brain Response in Children

This will be a prospective, blinded, cross-over study to compare the effects of two anesthetic techniques on the interpretability of auditory brainstem response testing in children.

Littlears Auditory Questionnaire: Validation Study in CI Children

The LittlEARS Auditory Questionnaire is designed to assess the development of the auditory behavior in children during the first two (hearing) years. The questionnaire has been validated o...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An Act that amends Title XVIII of the Social Security Act to repeal the Medicare sustainable growth rate, that strengthens Medicare access by improving physician payments, and that reauthorizes the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP).

An auditory brainstem structure in the pontine tegmentum that contains several nuclei associated with auditory localization and is component of ascending and descending auditory pathways.

Disorders of hearing or auditory perception due to pathological processes of the AUDITORY PATHWAYS in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. These include CENTRAL HEARING LOSS and AUDITORY PERCEPTUAL DISORDERS.

Acquired or developmental cognitive disorders of AUDITORY PERCEPTION characterized by a reduced ability to perceive information contained in auditory stimuli despite intact auditory pathways. Affected individuals have difficulty with speech perception, sound localization, and comprehending the meaning of inflections of speech.

Loss of sensitivity to sounds as a result of auditory stimulation, manifesting as a temporary shift in auditory threshold. The temporary threshold shift, TTS, is expressed in decibels.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...

Hearing, auditory perception, or audition is the ability to perceive sound by detecting vibrations, changes in the pressure of the surrounding medium through time, through an organ such as the ear. Sound may be heard through solid, liquid, or gaseous mat...

Searches Linking to this Article