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What is the effect of interrupting prolonged sitting with frequent bouts of physical activity or standing on first or recurrent stroke risk factors? A scoping review.

08:00 EDT 13th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "What is the effect of interrupting prolonged sitting with frequent bouts of physical activity or standing on first or recurrent stroke risk factors? A scoping review."

The objective of this review was to ascertain the scope of the available literature on the effects of interrupting prolonged sitting time with frequent bouts of physical activity or standing on stroke and recurrent stroke risk factors. Databases Medline, Embase, AMED, CINAHL and Cochrane library were comprehensively searched from inception until 21st February 2018. Experimental trials which interrupted sitting time with frequent bouts of physical activity or standing in adults (≥ 18 years) were included. Comparison to a bout of prolonged sitting and a measure of at least one first or recurrent stroke risk factor was required to be included. Overall, 30 trials (35 articles) were identified to meet the inclusion criteria. Fifteen trials were completed in participants at an increased risk of having a first stroke and one trial in participants at risk of a recurrent stroke. Outcomes of hypertension and dysglycemia were found to be more favourable following predominately light- to moderate-intensity bouts of physical activity or standing compared to sitting in the majority of trials in participants at risk of having a first stroke. In the one trial of stroke survivors, only outcomes of hypertension were significantly improved. These findings are of significant importance taking into consideration hypertension is the leading risk factor for first and recurrent stroke. However, trials primarily focused on measuring outcomes of dysglycemia and without assessing a dose-response effect. Additional research is required on the dose-response effect of interrupting sitting with frequent bouts of physical activity or standing on first and recurrent stroke risk factors, in those high risk population groups.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: PloS one
ISSN: 1932-6203
Pages: e0217981

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PubMed Articles [13269 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

The effect of frequency of activity interruptions in prolonged sitting on postprandial glucose metabolism: a randomized crossover trial.

The primary objective was to test the hypothesis that increased frequency of interruptions in prolonged sitting reduces postprandial glycemia independent of energy intake and expenditure.

Cardiometabolic Response to a Single High-intensity Interval Exercise Session Versus Breaking up Sedentary Time with Fragmented High-Intensity Interval Exercise.

This study compared the effects of interrupting prolonged sedentary time with high-intensity physical activity (SED-ACT), a volume- and duration-matched high-intensity interval exercise session follow...

Potential Effects of Replacing Sedentary Time With Short Sedentary Bouts or Physical Activity on Mortality: A National Cohort Study.

Little is known concerning the type of activity that should be substituted for sedentary time and its potentially most hazardous form (prolonged sedentary bouts) to impart health benefit. We used isot...

Morning exercise mitigates the impact of prolonged sitting on cerebral blood flow in older adults.

Preventing declines in cerebral blood flow is important for maintaining optimal brain health with aging. We compared the effects of a morning bout of moderate-intensity exercise, with and without subs...

The effect of age on in-vivo spine stiffness, postures and discomfort responses during prolonged sitting exposures.

Many industrialized working populations are aging and prolonged sitting exposures are prevalent across occupational sectors. The purpose of this work was to determine the effect of age and sex on pass...

Clinical Trials [4168 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

The Effects of Interrupting Prolonged Sitting With Intermittent Exercise on Postprandial Lipemia

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of interrupting prolong sedentary behavior with interval exercise on postprandial metabolism following a high fat glucose tolerance t...

Practical Approaches for Interrupting Prolonged Sitting to Improve Postprandial Glucose and Protein Metabolism

The present study will determine the impact of interrupting prolonged sitting with short, 2-minute walks or body-weight squats on: i) postprandial glycemia and insulinemia, and; ii) postpr...

The Effects of Reducing Prolonged Sitting Bouts in Individuals at High Risk of or With Type 2 Diabetes

Over 3 million in the United Kingdom are now diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, with current estimates suggesting this will rise to over 5 million by 2025. Type 2 diabetes increases the risk ...

Effects of Breaking up Prolonged Sitting on Postprandial Cardiometabolic Disease Risk Markers in South Asian Adults

The purpose of this study is to examine whether breaking up prolonged sitting with short regular bouts of walking can reduce blood sugar and cholesterol levels after eating, which are risk...

Effects of Interrupting Sedentary Time on Glycemic Control in Older Overweight and Obese Adults

Increasing physical activity in older adults has important implications for treating obesity related metabolic conditions, however the interaction of aging- and obesity-related declines in...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An alpha-adrenergic agonist that causes prolonged peripheral vasoconstriction. It has little if any direct effect on the central nervous system.

An effect usually, but not necessarily, beneficial that is attributable to an expectation that the regimen will have an effect, i.e., the effect is due to the power of suggestion.

A synthetic PGE2 analog that has an inhibitory effect on gastric acid secretion, a mucoprotective effect, and a postprandial lowering effect on gastrin. It has been shown to be efficient and safe in the treatment of gastroduodenal ulcers.

Procedures that render the female sterile by interrupting the flow in the FALLOPIAN TUBE. These procedures generally are surgical, and may also use chemicals or physical means.

The unfavorable effect of environmental factors (stressors) on the physiological functions of an organism. Prolonged unresolved physiological stress can affect HOMEOSTASIS of the organism, and may lead to damaging or pathological conditions.

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