Advertisement

Topics

Examining the relation of personality factors to substance use disorder by explanatory item response modeling of DSM-5 symptoms.

08:00 EDT 13th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Examining the relation of personality factors to substance use disorder by explanatory item response modeling of DSM-5 symptoms."

This paper explores how personality factors affect substance use disorders (SUDs) using explanatory item response modeling (EIRM). A total of 606 Chinese illicit drug users participated in our study. After removing the cases with missing values on the covariate measures, a final sample of 573 participants was used for data analysis. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) was used to measure the illicit drug users' SUD level. Four personality factors-anxiety sensitivity, impulsivity, sensation seeking and hopelessness-along with gender and alcohol use were included in EIRM as person covariates. The results indicated that gender, alcohol use, and their interaction significantly predicted the SUD level. The only personality factor that strongly predicted the SUD level was sensation seeking. In addition, the interaction between gender and hopelessness was also found to be a significant predictor of the SUD level, indicating that the negative effect of hopelessness on SUD is stronger for women than for men. The findings suggest that sensation seeking plays an important role in influencing SUDs, and thus, it should be considered when designing intervention or screening procedures for potential illicit drug users. In addition, several DSM-5 SUD symptoms were found to exhibit differential effects by gender, alcohol use, and personality factors. The possible explanations were discussed.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: PloS one
ISSN: 1932-6203
Pages: e0217630

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [17809 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Personality Traits among the Various Profiles of Substance Use Disorder Patients: New Evidence Using the DSM-5 Section III Framework.

The specialized literature provides solid evidence that substance use disorders (SUD) and personality disorders (PD) are interrelated. Given the relative novelty of the Alternative Model for PD, there...

An ecological momentary assessment study examining posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, prenatal bonding, and substance use among pregnant women.

Substance use disorder (SUD) during pregnancy requires efficacious interventions based on understanding the ebb and flow of risk and protective factors for substance use across time. To assess how the...

Affect, behavior, and cognition in personality and functioning: An item-content approach to clarifying empirical overlap.

The alternative model of personality disorder in the (5th ed.; American Psychiatric Association, 2013), Section III, "Emerging Measures and Models," includes both personality dysfunction and patholog...

Impact of Personality Disorder on the Treatment of Psychiatric Disorders in People Receiving Methadone-Assisted Treatment.

This study evaluates personality disorder as a moderator of psychiatric treatment response in people receiving methadone-assisted treatment. Participants (N = 125) were enrolled in a 12-week parent st...

A preliminary service evaluation of a personality disorder case management service.

The aim of this study is to assess the impact of establishing a specialized community personality disorder team on out of area placements, local hospital admissions and out of hours crisis contacts fo...

Clinical Trials [9510 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Personality Disorders and Substance Use Disorders in a Sexual Context in the Man Having Sex With Other Men Population

Chemsex refers to the use of psychoactive drugs in a sexual context, mainly cathinones, GHB/GBL, methamphetamine, cocaine and ketamine. This can cause infectious or psychiatric complicatio...

Latent Toxoplasmosis in Females With Borderline Personality Disorder

Borderline personality disorder is a common mental disorder with core features of affective dysregulation, impulsivity, and identity disturbance. Although this disorder is mostly understoo...

Quetiapine Treatment for Symptoms Associated With Borderline Personality Disorder

Objective: The objective of this study is to quantitatively examine the efficacy of Seroquel (active ingredient quetiapine fumarate) in subjects with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)...

Longstanding Eating Disorders and Personality Disorders

Background Eating disorders rank among the ten leading causes of disability among young women, and anorexia nervosa has the highest mortality rate of all mental disorders. Follow-up studie...

Use of Care Services by Patients With Borderline Personality Disorder

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterized by a pervasive pattern of instability and impulsivity. Several North American prospective studies support the high level of mental he...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A dissociative disorder in which the individual adopts two or more distinct personalities. Each personality is a fully integrated and complex unit with memories, behavior patterns and social friendships. Transition from one personality to another is sudden.

A personality disorder whose essential feature is a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. The individual must be at least age 18 and must have a history of some symptoms of CONDUCT DISORDER before age 15. (From DSM-IV, 1994)

A personality disorder characterized by the avoidance of accepting deserved blame and an unwarranted view of others as malevolent. The latter is expressed as suspiciousness, hypersensitivity, and mistrust.

A personality disorder characterized by a pervasive and excessive need to be taken care of that leads to submissive and clinging behavior and fears of separation, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts. (From DSM-IV, 1994)

A personality disorder manifested by a profound defect in the ability to form social relationships, no desire for social involvement, and an indifference to praise or criticism.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Pharmacy
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...

Drug Discovery
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...


Searches Linking to this Article