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Gastric ulcer is sores that form in the stomach mucosal layer because of erosion caused by high acid secretion and excessive use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Prodigiosins (PdGs) are red-pigmented secondary metabolites produced by bacteria, including actinomycetes. Butylcycloheptylprodigiosin (1) and undecylprodigiosin (2) were identified and isolated from a crude extract of the actinomycete RA2 isolated from the Red Sea Sponge Spheciospongia mastoidea. Chemical structure of 1 and 2 was determined by NMR and mass spectroscopy. Although their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties are known, their effect on gastric lesion is unknown. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate gastroprotective effects of PdGs against HCl/ethanol-induced gastric lesion in rats. Oral pretreatment with PdGs (100, 200, and 300 mg/kg) attenuated severity of HCl/ethanol-induced gastric mucosal injury, as evidenced by decreases in gastric lesion index scores, ulceration area, histopathologic abnormality, and neutrophil infiltration. These effects were comparable to those of omeprazole, a standard anti-gastric ulcer agent. HCl/ethanol-induced gastric erosions was associated with tremendous increases in lipid peroxidation, nitric oxide, and pro-inflammatory cytokines and mediators (myeloperoxidase, interleukin-1β, tumor necrosis factor-α, and cyclooxygenase-2), and with significant decreases in enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidant activities. However, PdGs ameliorated gastric inflammation and oxidative stress by downregulating nuclear factor kappa B and inducible nitric oxide synthase expression and upregulating heme oxygenase-1 expression. PdGs prevented gastric mucosal apoptosis by downregulating Bax and caspase-3 expression and upregulating Bcl-2 expression, thereby increasing prostaglandin E2 production. Our results suggested that PdGs exerted gastroprotective effects by decreasing the levels of inflammatory mediators, apoptotic markers, and antioxidants.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: PloS one
A novel marine actinomycete, designated LHW63014, isolated from a marine sponge, Craniella species, collected in the South China Sea, was examined using a polyphasic approach. The 16S rRNA gene sequen...
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the diverse potential biological activity of partially purified crude extract (PPCEBS) of marine Bacillus subtilis NMK17 associated with marine sponge Clat...
Two new marine natural compounds, 3β-acetoxy-15-hydroxyspongia-12-en (1) and 3-methylspongia-3,12-dien-16-one (2), were isolated from the marine sponge Acanthodendrilla sp., collected in Pulau-Pulau....
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The aime of this study is to envsitigate if ethanol has an incretin effect. This is done by administration of ethanol orally vs. an isoethanolaemic i.v. infusion of ethanol.
Systemic and Local Diffusion of Ethanol After Administration of Ethanol 96% Formulated in a Gel and Ethanol 98% Solution by the Percutaneous Route, in Patients With Congenital Venous Malformations:Pharmacokinetic, Pharmacodynamic and Clinical Study.
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Are we able to use the EPO staining technique using the sponge ?
The purpose of this research study is to find out about ethanol-containing e-cigarettes impact ethanol breath tests, field sobriety tests, or other tests of sobriety. Ethanol is a common p...
This study will investigate how ethanol (pure alcohol) influences carbohydrate and fat metabolism during prolonged, moderate intensity exercise. Participants will perform two bouts of cycl...
Sterile, gelatin-base surgical sponge applied topically as an adjunct to hemostasis when the control of bleeding by conventional procedures is ineffective to reduce capillary ooze or is impractical. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p797)
An actinomycete from which the antibiotic CHLORTETRACYCLINE is obtained.
An actinomycete from which the antibiotic OLEANDOMYCIN is obtained.
An actinomycete from which the antibiotics STREPTOMYCIN, grisein, and CANDICIDIN are obtained.
An actinomycete best known as the producer of the commercially important antibiotic OXYTETRACYCLINE.
Biological therapy involves the use of living organisms, substances derived from living organisms, or laboratory-produced versions of such substances to treat disease. Some biological therapies for cancer use vaccines or bacteria to stimulate the body&rs...
Stress is caused by your perception of situations around you and then the reaction of your body to them. The automatic stress response to unexpected events is known as 'fight or flight'. Discovered by Walter Cannon in 1932, it is the release of h...