Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Dengue is considered one of the most challenging public health threats in the world. Infection may be clinically asymptomatic but can result in severe forms. The indoleamine 2,3 dioxygenase () gene encodes one of first enzymes () of the kynurenine pathway. This study aimed to verify the association between G2431A gene single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (rs3739319) and dengue fever development. We included 299 dengue-infected individuals in the study and 96 dengue-free controls. We collected clinical and diagnostic test data and divided the patients with dengue infection into three groups, based on World Health Organization (WHO) criteria: 131 Dengue without warning signs (DWOS), 143 Dengue with warning signs (DWS), and 25 severe dengue (SD). We genotyped 193 of the dengue cases using quantitative polymerase chain reaction to the SNP rs3739319. The other 106 dengue cases and 96 dengue-free controls had previously been genotyped using the Illumina Genotyping Kit. Genotyping of the infected patients revealed frequencies of 106 GG (35.4%), 126 GA (42.1%), and 67 AA (22.4%), whereas the nondengue exposed control group showed similar frequencies, 29 GG (30.2%), 52 GA (54.2%), and 15 AA (15.6%). Under risk analysis we found that AA genotype patients had a higher risk of developing SD in a codominant model (AA × GG; odds ratio [OR] = 11.5-fold in comparison to non-SD group -DWOS and -DWS patients; confidence interval [CI] = 0.02-0.32; Yates correction = 1.9e-05) and in a recessive model (AA × AG+GG; OR = 9.41; CI = 3.62-26.7; Yates correction = 4.8e-08). An allelic model reinforced the association between A allele and SD phenotype development that was found in the SD versus DWOS+DWS analysis (OR = 3.59; CI = 1.50-9.56; Yates correction = 0.0033). Our data show an association between the G2431A variant and the risk for SD. This SNP may be relevant for further investigation into disease mechanisms and host factors in future genetic and pathophysiological studies.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Viral immunology
Dengue is a mosquito-borne disease that has spread to over 100 countries. Dengue fever is caused by dengue virus (DENV), which belongs to the Flavivirus genus of the family Flaviviridae. DENV comprise...
Dengue virus (DENV), a single-stranded RNA virus and Flaviviridae family member, is transmitted by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes. DENV causes dengue fever, which may progress to severe...
We identified dengue in ≈51% of patients given a clinical diagnosis of suspected dengue in Taiz, Yemen, during 2016. The cosmopolitan genotype of dengue virus type 2 was most common; viruses appeare...
Dengue is one of the most important mosquito-borne infections. Severe cases are more frequently observed in adults. However, in 2008, the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, experienced a severe dengue e...
A large-scale dengue fever (DF) outbreak occurred in Chaozhou, Guangdong province, China 2015. In our study, 528 dengue-positive patient samples were collected for clinical and laboratory data analysi...
Retrospective data in children with dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) and dengue shock syndrome (DSS), and in adults with dengue fever (DF), suggested a lack of benefit from prophylactic plat...
The burden of dengue infection has increased due to the current non-specific classification. A pilot study was conducted to evaluate the five of the biomarkers: neopterin, vascular endothe...
This is an observational study that aims to determine the effectiveness of a tetravalent dengue vaccine (CYD-TDV) when given through a community-based immunization program against hospital...
This is an observational study which will last for 5 years, and aims to determine the risk of developing dengue among Philippine children who are eligible to receive the dengue vaccine dur...
The purpose of this study is to elucidate the local epidemic problem and epidemiological characters of dengue fever in Guangzhou, to establish diagnostic and treatment standard and clinica...
A virulent form of dengue characterized by THROMBOCYTOPENIA and an increase in vascular permeability (grades I and II) and distinguished by a positive pain test (e.g., TOURNIQUET PAIN TEST). When accompanied by SHOCK (grades III and IV), it is called dengue shock syndrome.
An acute infectious, eruptive, febrile disease caused by four antigenically related but distinct serotypes of the DENGUE VIRUS. It is transmitted by the bite of infected Aedes mosquitoes, especially A. aegypti. Classical dengue (dengue fever) is self-limiting and characterized by fever, myalgia, headache, and rash. DENGUE HEMORRHAGIC FEVER is a more virulent form of dengue virus infection and a separate clinical entity. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
A distinct and virulent form of DENGUE characterized by thrombocytopenia and hemoconcentration (grades I and II) and distinguished by a positive tourniquet test. When accompanied by circulatory failure and shock (grades III and IV), it is called dengue shock syndrome. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
A species of the genus FLAVIVIRUS which causes an acute febrile and sometimes hemorrhagic disease in man. Dengue is mosquito-borne and four serotypes are known.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with DENGUE VIRUS. These include live-attenuated, subunit, DNA, and inactivated vaccines.
Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...
Tropical Medicine is the study of diseases more commonly found in tropical regions than elsewhere. Examples of these diseases are malaria, yellow fever, Chagas disease, Dengue, Helminths, African trypanosomiasis, Leishmaniasis, Leprosy, Lymphatic filaria...
Alternative Medicine Cleft Palate Complementary & Alternative Medicine Congenital Diseases Dentistry Ear Nose & Throat Food Safety Geriatrics Healthcare Hearing Medical Devices MRSA Muscular Dyst...