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Video- versus handout-based instructions may influence student outcomes during simulation training and competency-based assessments. Forty-five third-year veterinary students voluntarily participated in a simulation module on canine endotracheal intubation. A prospective, randomized, double-blinded study investigated the impact of video ( = 23) versus handout ( = 22) instructions on student confidence, anxiety, and task performance. Students self-scored their confidence and anxiety before and after the simulation. During the simulation laboratory, three raters independently evaluated student performance using a 20-item formal assessment tool with a 5-point global rating scale. No significant differences ( > .05) were found in anxiety scores. The video group's confidence scores were significantly higher ( < .05) post-simulation than pre-simulation. Video-based instructions were associated with significantly higher ( < .05) total formal assessment scores compared with handout-based instructions. The video group had significantly higher scores than the handout group on 3 of the 20 individual skills (items) assessed: placement of tie to the adaptor-endotracheal tube complex ( < .05), using the anesthetic machine ( < .01), and pop-off valve management ( < .001). Inter-rater reliability as assessed by Cronbach's α (.92), and Kendall's (.89) was excellent and almost perfect, respectively. A two-faceted crossed-design generalizability analysis yielded coefficients for both the handout ( = .68) and the video ( = .72) groups. Video instructions may be associated with higher student confidence and performance scores than handout instructions during endotracheal intubation simulation training. Further research into skill retention and learning styles is warranted.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of veterinary medical education
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Simultaneous task performance, or switching between tasks in a concentrated period of time.
The detailed examination of observable activity or behavior associated with the execution or completion of a required function or unit of work.
Anxiety related to the execution of a task. (Campbell's Psychiatric Dictionary, 9th ed.)
The observation and analysis of movements in a task with an emphasis on the amount of time required to perform the task.
A board-certified specialty of VETERINARY MEDICINE, requiring at least four years of special education, training, and practice of veterinary surgery after graduation from veterinary school. In the written, oral, and practical examinations candidates may choose either large or small animal surgery. (From AVMA Directory, 43d ed, p278)
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Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
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