Advertisement

Topics

Case studies in Physiology: temporal changes in determinants of aerobic performance in individual going from alpine skier to world champion time trial cyclist.

08:00 EDT 13th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Case studies in Physiology: temporal changes in determinants of aerobic performance in individual going from alpine skier to world champion time trial cyclist."

This paper reports temporal changes in physiological measurements of exercise performance in a young man transitioning from alpine skiing until he became a world junior champion time-trial cyclist after only 3 years of bike specific training. At the time he became world champion he also achieved among the highest reported maximal oxygen uptake (VO) value - 96.7 mL·min·kg, or 7397 mL·min in absolute terms at 76.5 kg, which had increased by 29.6% from 74.6 mL·min·kg pre bike specific training. After 15 months with almost no structured exercise training, VO returned to 77.0 mL·min·kg and was similar to the value reported prior to specific bike training, although in absolute term (6205 mL·min) still being 11.3% higher. Part of the explanation for his athletic achievements is likely also related to the up to 20.9% improvement in Power@4 mmol·L (W). Although genetic profiles of endurance athletes have not generated data suggesting a shared genetic signature associated with elite endurance performance, this case study highlights the importance of intrinsic biological factors in elite endurance performance.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)
ISSN: 1522-1601
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [30927 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Performance Effects of Carbohydrate Ingestion Between Bouts of Intense Aerobic Interval Exercise.

This study tested whether CHO intake during a 2-h rest between exercise bouts improved performance in the subsequent bout.

Effect of PPAR-gamma agonist on aerobic exercise capacity in relation to body fat distribution in men with type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease.

Targeting metabolic determinants of exercise performance with pharmacological agents that would mimic/potentiate the effects of exercise represents an attractive clinical alternative to counterbalance...

Is mitochondrial DNA profiling predictive for athletic performance?

Mitochondrial DNA encodes some proteins of the oxidative phosphorylation enzymatic complex, playing an important role in aerobic ATP production; therefore, it can contribute to the ability to respond ...

Experimental evolution of aerobic exercise performance and hematological traits in bank voles.

The maximum rate of aerobic exercise metabolism (VOmax) is a trait informative from both medical and evolutionary perspective, and both the physiological mechanisms limiting its level and its evolutio...

The effects of salinity and photoperiod on aerobic scope, hypoxia tolerance and swimming performance of coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) reared in recirculating aquaculture systems.

Land-based recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS) have been used to rear salmon from smolt to market-sized adults, but high operating costs have limited their wide spread adoption. One clear advantag...

Clinical Trials [7535 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Diagnostic Study of Temporal Arteritis

Despite a large and growing body of knowledge concerning the diagnosis of temporal arteritis, this potentially crippling disease still requires pathological diagnosis in practically every ...

Effects of PRJ-205 on Performance in Trained Young Subjects

Compare a dietary supplement (PRJ-205) and placebo during 1 or 4 days on aerobic exercise performance, oxidative stress and muscle damage. The hypothesis is that supplementation with PRJ-...

Aerobic Exercise and Blood Biochemical Factors in Spinal Cord Injury

Background: Patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) have a higher prevalence of cardiovascular diseases compared to the healthy population. Aerobic exercise training is one of the recommen...

The Effect of Temporal Muscle Suspension of Temporal Hollowing

The primary objective is to identify which patients undergoing a traditional pterional approach with 2 different surgical techniques for TMS (Temporal Muscle Suspension) will develop TH (T...

Impulsivity and Time Perception

Cannabis smokers having begun prematurely their consumption (before 16 years) present a persistent impulsivity much later after have stopped their consumptions. The literature highlights t...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Studies designed to examine associations, commonly, hypothesized causal relations. They are usually concerned with identifying or measuring the effects of risk factors or exposures. The common types of analytic study are CASE-CONTROL STUDIES; COHORT STUDIES; and CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDIES.

A neurosurgical procedure that removes the anterior TEMPORAL LOBE including the medial temporal structures of CEREBRAL CORTEX; AMYGDALA; HIPPOCAMPUS; and the adjacent PARAHIPPOCAMPAL GYRUS. This procedure is generally used for the treatment of intractable temporal epilepsy (EPILEPSY, TEMPORAL LOBE).

Nutritional physiology related to EXERCISE or ATHLETIC PERFORMANCE.

Clinical presentations that may be followed by evaluative studies that eventually lead to a diagnosis.

Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Biological Therapy
Biological therapy involves the use of living organisms, substances derived from living organisms, or laboratory-produced versions of such substances to treat disease. Some biological therapies for cancer use vaccines or bacteria to stimulate the body&rs...


Searches Linking to this Article