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Studies have confirmed that the gut microbiota may be involved in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease(PD). However, the alterations in fecal microbiome in North-eastern Han sporadic PD patients remains unknown. This case control study was conducted to explore fecal microbiota compositions in North-eastern Han sporadic PD patients. The gut microbiota composition of 10 patients with sporadic PD and over 65 age and 10 matched controls was analyzed in this study. Microbiota communities in the feces were investigated using high-throughput Illumina Miseq sequencing targeting the V3-V4 region of 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene. The structure and richness of the fecal microbiota differed between PD patients and healthy controls. We had observed that the overall composition of gut microbiota in North-eastern Han Chinese healthy and PD patients was slightly different. The abundance of the family of Bacteroides and Prevotellaceae were significantly increased in heathy controls while the abundance of Ruminococcaceae, Verrucomicrobiaceae, Porphyromondaceae, Hydrogenoanaerobacterium and Lachnospiraceae NK4A were significantly enriched in North-eastern Han Chinese patients with PD. Sporadic PD patients North-eastern Han China is accompanied by alterations in the abundance of specific gut microbes. Our findings will provide a foundation to improve our understanding the pathogenesis of PD.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Neuroscience letters
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A form of arboviral encephalitis (primarily affecting equines) endemic to eastern regions of North America. The causative organism (ENCEPHALOMYELITIS VIRUS, EASTERN EQUINE) may be transmitted to humans via the bite of AEDES mosquitoes. Clinical manifestations include the acute onset of fever, HEADACHE, altered mentation, and SEIZURES followed by coma. The condition is fatal in up to 50% of cases. Recovery may be marked by residual neurologic deficits and EPILEPSY. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp9-10)
A kingdom in the eastern Himalayas on the northeast border of India, bounded on the north by Tibet, on the east by Assam, on the south by Assam and West Bengal, and on the west by Sikkim and Tibet. From 1720 to 1970 it was under Chinese or Indian domination. In 1971 it became a member of the United Nations. The name comes from the Sanskrit bhota, the name for Tibet, + anta, end, with reference to its location at the southern extremity of Tibet. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p144 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p64)
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
A geographical area of the United States with no definite boundaries but comprising northeastern Alabama, northwestern Georgia, northwestern South Carolina, western North Carolina, eastern Kentucky, eastern Tennessee, western Virginia, West Virginia, western Maryland, southwestern Pennsylvania, southern Ohio, and southern New York.
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