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mCerulean3-Based Cameleon Sensor to Explore Mitochondrial Ca Dynamics In Vivo.

08:00 EDT 27th May 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "mCerulean3-Based Cameleon Sensor to Explore Mitochondrial Ca Dynamics In Vivo."

Genetically Encoded Ca Indicators (GECIs) are extensively used to study organelle Ca homeostasis, although some available probes are still plagued by a number of problems, e.g., low fluorescence intensity, partial mistargeting, and pH sensitivity. Furthermore, in the most commonly used mitochondrial Förster Resonance Energy Transfer based-GECIs, the donor protein ECFP is characterized by a double exponential lifetime that complicates the fluorescence lifetime analysis. We have modified the cytosolic and mitochondria-targeted Cameleon GECIs by (1) substituting the donor ECFP with mCerulean3, a brighter and more stable fluorescent protein with a single exponential lifetime; (2) extensively modifying the constructs to improve targeting efficiency and fluorescence changes caused by Ca binding; and (3) inserting the cDNAs into adeno-associated viral vectors for in vivo expression. The probes have been thoroughly characterized in situ by fluorescence microscopy and Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging Microscopy, and examples of their ex vivo and in vivo applications are described.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: iScience
ISSN: 2589-0042
Pages: 340-355

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