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Mst1 deletion reduces hyperglycemia-mediated vascular dysfunction via attenuating mitochondrial fission and modulating the JNK signaling pathway.

08:00 EDT 17th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Mst1 deletion reduces hyperglycemia-mediated vascular dysfunction via attenuating mitochondrial fission and modulating the JNK signaling pathway."

Diabetes is a leading cause of microvascular complications, such as nephropathy and retinopathy. Recent studies have proposed that hyperglycemia-induced endothelial cell dysfunction is modulated by mitochondrial stress. Therefore, our experiment was to detect the upstream mediator of mitochondrial stress in hyperglycemia-treated endothelial cells with a focus on macrophage-stimulating 1 (Mst1) and mitochondrial fission. Our data illuminated that hyperglycemia incubation reduced cell viability, as well as increased apoptosis ratio in endothelial cell, and this alteration seemed to be associated with Mst1 upregulation. Inhibition of Mst1 via transfection of Mst1 siRNA into an endothelial cell could sustain cell viability and maintain mitochondrial function. At the molecular levels, endothelial cell death was accompanied with the activation of mitochondrial oxidative stress, mitochondrial apoptosis, and mitochondrial fission. Genetic ablation of Mst1 could reduce mitochondrial oxidative injury, block mitochondrial apoptosis, and repress mitochondrial fission. Besides, we also found Mst1 triggered mitochondrial dysfunction as well as endothelial cell damage through augmenting JNK pathway. Suppression of JNK largely ameliorated the protective actions of Mst1 silencing on hyperglycemia-treated endothelial cells and sustain mitochondrial function. The present study identifies Mst1 as a primary key mediator for hyperglycemia-induced mitochondrial damage and endothelial cell dysfunction. Increased Mst1 impairs mitochondrial function and activates endothelial cell death via opening mitochondrial death pathway through JNK.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of cellular physiology
ISSN: 1097-4652
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