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Insulin resistance (IR) is the common pathophysiology of prehypertension and prediabetes. Recognition of IR in one of the two disease states is critical for carrying out preventive strategies of another disease state. This study aimed to explore which simple IR indexes were significantly associated with prehypertension in subjects with normoglycemia. A total of 108,370 adults without elevated fasting plasma glucose and hypertension were included in this study. The three simple IR indexes [triglycerides to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio, the product of fasting triglycerides and glucose, and metabolic score for IR (METS-IR)] were calculated. Partial correlation was used to analyze the correlation between the three indicators and blood pressure (BP) levels, and logistic regression analysis was used to explore their association with prehypertension. Among the three indicators, only METS-IR had positive correlations with systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels. Furthermore, METS-IR was also significantly associated with prehypertension, irrespective of the categorization of waist circumference (WC). The odds ratios of the highest quartile were 2.223 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.044-2.417) in all subjects, 2.022 (95%
1.501-2.725) in elevated WC subgroup, and 1.815 (95%
1.620-2.034) in normal WC subgroup. METS-IR was associated with prehypertension in normoglycemic Chinese subjects, which bypasses the impact of WC and might be valuable for the management of prehypertension and the prevention of prediabetes in different ethnic groups.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Metabolic syndrome and related disorders
The association between hyperuricemia and insulin resistance (IR) has been demonstrated by many studies, but the traditional IR indexes are too impractical to be used in clinical practice for the reco...
To compare the strength of associations between surrogate indexes of insulin resistance (sIR) and risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in non-Hispanic White (NHW), non-Hispanic Black (NHB) and Mexican Am...
To evaluate the association between elevated serum transaminase levels and insulin resistance (IR) in a population of healthy individuals.
Association between normal triglyceride and insulin resistance in US adults without other risk factors: a cross-sectional study from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2007-2014.
Traditionally, the absence of insulin resistance risk factors (IRRFs) was considered a low risk for insulin resistance (IR). However, IR also existed in certain individuals without IRRFs; thus this st...
Central nervous system (CNS) insulin resistance is associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). In addition, the apolipoprotein E4 (apoE4) isoform is a risk factor for AD. The connection between these tw...
The purposes of the study are to evaluate the relative contributions of insulin resistance and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system to blood pressure (BP) in subjects with prehypertension....
A Prospective Double-Blinded, Placebo Controlled, Randomized Trial comparing a single dose of Vitamin D (Colecalciferol) 300.00UI to placebo on patients with insulin resistance. Primary Ou...
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Blood pressure levels that are between normotension and hypertension. Individuals with prehypertension are at a higher risk for developing cardiovascular diseases. Generally, prehypertension is defined as SYSTOLIC PRESSURE of 131-139 mm Hg and/or DIASTOLIC PRESSURE of 81-89 when the optimal is 120/80 mm Hg. For diabetics and other metabolism diseases the prehypertension is around 110-129/70-79 mm Hg.
A syndrome with excessively high INSULIN levels in the BLOOD. It may cause HYPOGLYCEMIA. Etiology of hyperinsulinism varies, including hypersecretion of a beta cell tumor (INSULINOMA); autoantibodies against insulin (INSULIN ANTIBODIES); defective insulin receptor (INSULIN RESISTANCE); or overuse of exogenous insulin or HYPOGLYCEMIC AGENTS.
Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS. It can be caused by the presence of INSULIN ANTIBODIES or the abnormalities in insulin receptors (RECEPTOR, INSULIN) on target cell surfaces. It is often associated with OBESITY; DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS; INFECTION; and certain rare conditions. (from Stedman, 25th ed)
THIAZOLES with two keto oxygens. Members are insulin-sensitizing agents which overcome INSULIN RESISTANCE by activation of the peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPAR-gamma).
Rare autosomal recessive syndrome of extreme insulin resistance due to mutations in the binding domain of INSULIN RECEPTOR. Clinical features include severe intrauterine and postnatal growth restriction, characteristic dysmorphic FACIES; HIRSUTISM; VIRILIZATION; multiple endocrine abnormalities, and early death.
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Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...