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Background To investigate the clinical and molecular characteristics of Chinese children with maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY). Methods A total of 42 Chinese patients suspected MODY referred to our unit from 2014 to 2018 were enrolled. Mutational analysis of monogenic diabetes mellitus genes was performed by next-generation sequencing and confirmed by Sanger sequencing. Results There were 28 males (66.7%) and 14 females (33.3%) with a mean age of 9.49 ± 3.46 years (range, 1.4-15.3 years) and a mean birth weight of 3.38 ± 0.49 kg (range, 2.55-4.90 kg). Among these patients, 15 patients had polyuria, polydipsia or weight loss. Two patients (4.8%) were obese and six (14.3%) were overweight. Moreover, 13 patients (30.9%) had a family history of diabetes. Thirty variants were identified in 28 patients. Twenty-six variants in 25 patients were pathogenic or likely pathogenic genes (59.5%, 25/42), including 15 patients (60.0%, 15/25) with GCK mutation, four (16.0%, 4/25) with PAX4 mutation, three (12.0%, 3/25) with HNF4A mutation, one (4.0%, 1/25) with INS mutation, one (4.0%, 1/25) with NEUROD1 mutation and one (4.0%, 1/25) with HNF1A mutation. Nine mutations (36.0%, 9/25) were novel. There was no difference between mutation-suspected patients and MODY-confirmed patients except for a 2-h glucose increment in an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), while the GCK-MODY had lower glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and a significantly smaller 2-h glucose increment in an OGTT compared with transcription factor MODYs. The GCK-MODY was identified by incidental hyperglycemia without glycosuria. GCK-MODY without drug management and hepatocyte nuclear factor-1 alpha (HNF4A) or HNF1A-MODY with sulfonylurea therapy obtained good glucose controlling. Conclusions Mutation of the GCK gene is the most common in MODY patients in China followed by PAX4. The screening criteria can improve the cost-effectiveness of disease diagnosis and treatment. A precise molecular diagnosis would lead to optimal treatment of the patients.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of pediatric endocrinology & metabolism : JPEM
Maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY) is a form of monogenic diabetes with autosomal dominant inheritance. To date, mutations in 11 genes have been frequently associated with this phenotype. In ...
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