08:00 EDT 1st April 2019 | BioPortfolio


Objective - to conduct an analysis and synthesis of scientific literature on the problem of overweight and obesity in children, national and foreign scientific sources, international and national statistical databases, on recommendations of international strategic documents on prevention of obesity among children, legal acts on prevention of obesity among children in Ukraine. The analysis of international research and recommendations on the prevention of obesity in children. Methods of research: bibliosemantic, epidemiological, content analysis, conceptual modeling. The current state of the system of prevention of obesity in children is characterized by imperfections and disadvantages: imperfect approaches of statistical reporting, which impedes the decisions on the prevention of diseases associated with overweight; the low level of diagnosis of obesity in children as evidenced by the significantly lower prevalence of obesity among the children of Ukraine compared to European countries, statistical processing on the prevalence of overweight in children in Ukraine is not performed. Existing approaches of obesity prevention in Ukraine do not take into account current recommendations and approaches developed on the basis of proven effectiveness. Implementation of the developed model of socio-medical monitoring of obesity in children allows screening and detection of children at risk of developing overweight and obesity, to form differentiated prevention programs, to prognose the risks of diseases associated with overweight, provide guidance on the medical care to a specialized level of schoolchildren at risk of developing of obesity, as well as conditions associated with overweight and obesity.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Georgian medical news
ISSN: 1512-0112
Pages: 62-67


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

BODY MASS INDEX in children (ages 2-12) and in adolescents (ages 13-18) that is grossly above the recommended cut-off for a specific age and sex. For infants less than 2 years of age, obesity is determined based on standard weight-for-length percentile measures.

A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).

Acute form of MALNUTRITION which usually affects children, characterized by a very low weight for height (below -3z scores of the median World Health Organization standards), visible severe wasting, or occurrence of nutritional EDEMA. It can be a direct or indirect cause of fatality in children suffering from DIARRHEA and PNEUMONIA. Do not confuse with starvation, a condition in which the body is not getting enough food, usually for extended periods of time.

The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.

Sustaining BODY WEIGHT after BODY WEIGHT CHANGES have been achieved.

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