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The objective of this article is to review ideal injection point and ideal dose of botulinum toxin-A injections to treat different types of gummy smile, and to present a case treated with the recommended method. An electronic search of literature was carried out by using PubMed, Embase, and Google Scholar. Reference lists of studies were also hand-searched for relevance. According to inclusion and exclusion criteria, five prospective studies with 135 subjects were included in this systematic review. Injection of botulinum toxin-A is a noninvasive and temporary treatment option for gummy smile, and the Yonsei point is a safe and reproducible injection point for treatment by practitioners of all types of gummy smile.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The International journal of periodontics & restorative dentistry
Injections of botulinum toxin type A represent the most common nonsurgical cosmetic treatment worldwide. The authors report a case of dynamic horizontal wrinkling in the upper lip that appeared after ...
The efficacy of Vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid) supplementation can be assessed by uptake into the blood and retention in leukocytes. Vitafusion® Power C gummy is an alternative vitamin C source which ma...
The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of gamithromycin (GAM) for the treatment of naturally occurring bacterial swine respiratory disease (SRD) administered IM. A total of 240 p...
Daylight activation for photodynamic therapy (PDT) of skin lesions is now widely adopted in many countries as a less painful and equally effective treatment mechanism, as compared to red or blue light...
The aim of the proposal study is to answer the question of how to manage gummy smiles due to hypermobile upper lip with less invasive and low risk level procedure . This trial will help th...
This is a two part study to measure and observe the efficacy of botulinum toxin A for the treatment of gummy smiles. Part A will randomly compare three different doses of botulinum toxin ...
A Randomized, Open-Label, Single-Dose, Five-Period Crossover, Relative Bioavailability Study to Evaluate Cetirizine HCl Gummy 10 mg and Cetirizine HCl Oral Tablets 10 mg Administered in He...
The proposed study seeks to compare visual acuity, tomographic outcomes, biomechanical changes and inflammatory profile of normal eyes (matched for age, refraction and corneal thickness) u...
Filler study for smile lines in cheek folds
Adverse reactions that occur initially at the site of injection or infusion. Milder type is confined to a local allergic flare reaction. A more severe reaction is caused by extravasation of VESICANTS from the blood vessel at the site of injection and can cause damage to the surrounding tissue. In tumor flare reaction symptoms involve well beyond the injection site such as an increase in the tumor size and tumor markers levels, bone pain, and HYPERCALCEMIA.
A treatment schedule in which the total dose of radiation is divided into large doses.
The dose amount of poisonous or toxic substance or dose of ionizing radiation required to kill 50% of the tested population.
Expected weight of a healthy normal individual based on age, sex, and height. Thus, a malnourished person would weigh less than their ideal body weight.
Total or subtotal destruction of the pituitary gland by chemical injection. It is usually achieved by injection of ethyl alcohol via trans-sphenoidal cannulation under stereotaxic control. It is usually performed for the treatment of intractable pain.