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Malnutrition is a common complication in patients with end-stage liver disease (ESLD) awaiting liver transplantation (LTx). Malnutrition and sarcopenia overlap in etiology and outcomes, with sarcopenia being defined as reduced skeletal muscle mass (SMM) and muscle function. The purpose of this review was to identify the prevalence of sarcopenia with and without obesity in adult and children with ESLD, to assess the methodological considerations in sarcopenia diagnosis and the association of sarcopenia with pre-and-post-LTx outcomes.
This article was published in the following journal.
Although the association of vitamin D with primary sarcopenia has been extensively investigated, its relationship with secondary sarcopenia in patients with liver disease remains unclear. This study a...
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is characterized by deposition of lipids in the hepatic parenchyma exceeding 5% of liver weight in the absence of other conditions, such as viral or alcoholic hepatit...
Sarcopenia is a harmful condition in patients with chronic liver disease. However, the evaluation of body muscle mass requires expensive instrumentation. The sarcopenia index (SI): (creatinine (Cr)/cy...
Sarcopenia is common in patients with advanced liver disease. It diminishes quality of life and is implicated in increased wait-list mortality, post-transplant complications, and post-transplant morta...
Children affected with chronic liver disease are at risk for fat-soluble vitamins (FSV) deficiency, in this scenario the role of liver transplant has been only partially explored.
Sarcopenia is a syndrome characterized by progressive and generalized loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength, shown to be prevalent in adults with cancer and common chronic comorbiditie...
Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) occurs in 65-90% of patients with liver cirrhosis. Severity of malnutrition correlates with progression of liver disease and leads to sarcopenia in 30-70%...
Skeletal muscle abnormalities (sarcopenia) and frailty are common complications seen in patients with end-stage liver disease. The presence of these complications portends poor prognosis. ...
The main objective was to assess the prevalence of sarcopenia in chronic heart failure patients and in patients before the trans aortic valvular implantation. The loss of muscle mass in c...
Sarcopenia (loss of muscle mass and function) can be observed at any age and results of multiple factors (age, activity, inflammatory factors, nutritional status...). It deeply impacts the...
Sudden liver failure in the presence of underlying compensated chronic LIVER DISEASE (e.g., LIVER CIRRHOSIS; HEPATITIS; and liver injury and failure) due to a precipitating acute hepatic insult.
A syndrome characterized by the clinical triad of advanced chronic liver disease, pulmonary vascular dilatations, and reduced arterial oxygenation (HYPOXEMIA) in the absence of intrinsic cardiopulmonary disease. This syndrome is common in the patients with LIVER CIRRHOSIS or portal hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PORTAL).
A subcategory of CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE. The disease is characterized by hypersecretion of mucus accompanied by a chronic (more than 3 months in 2 consecutive years) productive cough. Infectious agents are a major cause of chronic bronchitis.
Final stage of a liver disease when the liver failure is irreversible and LIVER TRANSPLANTATION is needed.
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans that is caused by HEPATITIS C VIRUS lasting six months or more. Chronic hepatitis C can lead to LIVER CIRRHOSIS.
Hepatology is the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas, and diseases associated with them. This includes viral hepatitis, alcohol damage, cirrhosis and cancer. As modern lifestyles change, with alcoholism and cancer becoming more promi...
Arthritis Fibromyalgia Gout Lupus Rheumatic Rheumatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and management of disease involving joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and associated structures (Oxford Medical Diction...