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Acute Recurrent and Chronic Pancreatitis as Initial Manifestations of Cystic Fibrosis and Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator-Related Disorders.

08:00 EDT 1st July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Acute Recurrent and Chronic Pancreatitis as Initial Manifestations of Cystic Fibrosis and Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator-Related Disorders."

Recurrent pancreatitis is considered a rare manifestation of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) dysfunction; this case series highlights that pancreatitis can be a presenting symptoms of cystic fibrosis (CF) or a CFTR-related disorder (CFTR-RD).

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Pancreas
ISSN: 1536-4828
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS. Pancreatitis is classified as acute unless there are computed tomographic or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatographic findings of CHRONIC PANCREATITIS (International Symposium on Acute Pancreatitis, Atlanta, 1992). The two most common forms of acute pancreatitis are ALCOHOLIC PANCREATITIS and gallstone pancreatitis.

Acute or chronic INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS due to excessive ALCOHOL DRINKING. Alcoholic pancreatitis usually presents as an acute episode but it is a chronic progressive disease in alcoholics.

An autosomal recessive genetic disease of the EXOCRINE GLANDS. It is caused by mutations in the gene encoding the CYSTIC FIBROSIS TRANSMEMBRANE CONDUCTANCE REGULATOR expressed in several organs including the LUNG, the PANCREAS, the BILIARY SYSTEM, and the SWEAT GLANDS. Cystic fibrosis is characterized by epithelial secretory dysfunction associated with ductal obstruction resulting in AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION; chronic RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS; PANCREATIC INSUFFICIENCY; maldigestion; salt depletion; and HEAT PROSTRATION.

A malabsorption condition resulting from greater than 10% reduction in the secretion of pancreatic digestive enzymes (LIPASE; PROTEASES; and AMYLASE) by the EXOCRINE PANCREAS into the DUODENUM. This condition is often associated with CYSTIC FIBROSIS and with chronic PANCREATITIS.

A chloride channel that regulates secretion in many exocrine tissues. Abnormalities in the CFTR gene have been shown to cause cystic fibrosis. (Hum Genet 1994;93(4):364-8)

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