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Anemia is prevalent among preschool-aged children in Myanmar, but few epidemiological studies of anemia at the national level were reported. Using data from the Myanmar Demographic and Health Survey 2015-16, we examined risk factors for anemia at household, maternal, and individual levels for children aged 6-23 months (n=1,133) and 24-59 months (n=2,393) separately. Survey design and sampling weights were adjusted for in multivariate regression analyses. The prevalence of anemia was 77.2% in children aged 6-23 months and 50.8% in those aged 24-59 months. Living in geographic zones other than the hilly zone was associated with a higher odds of anemia in both age groups (OR=1.86-2.51 [95% lower limit>1.0]). Maternal anemia predicted child anemia in a dose-response manner in both groups (6-23 months of age; OR=2.01, 95%
1.38-2.92 [mild] and OR=2.41, 95%
1.12-5.19 [moderate]; and 24-59 months of age OR=1.42, 95%
1.12-1.81 [mild] and OR=2.92, 95%
1.91-4.46 [moderate]). A maternal age of 14-24 years (ref: 25-34 years; OR=1.67, 95%
1.06-2.64) and maternal tolerant attitude to domestic violence (OR=1.61, 95%
1.13-2.31) predicted anemia in children aged 6-23 months only. Younger child age (OR=0.97, 95%
0.96-0.98), stunting (OR=1.35, 95%
1.08-1.69), and using unimproved drinking water sources (OR=1.38, 95%
1.10-1.75) were associated with anemia in children aged 24-59 months. Risk factors for child anemia varied by age group. Consideration of age-specific risks factors will help planning anemia control programs in Myanmar.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Maternal & child nutrition
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