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The new design of internal flotation components and the use of biogas were employed to develop a novel anaerobic self-flotation (ASF) reactor. Compared with the upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor, the removal efficiencies of total chemical oxygen demand (COD) and suspended solids (SS) of the ASF reactor were higher than 90% under high SS concentration and high volumetric organic loading rate (OLR). The biogas flotation, sludge bed retention, and effluent washout accounted for 60%, 30%, and 10% of SS mass, respectively, proving that the biogas flotation was the main mechanism of SS removal in the ASF reactor. Extracellular polymer substance, mainly consisting of polysaccharide (PS) and protein (PN), was found to promote the SS removal by biogas flotation via the scum formation at the ratio of 294.12 g-VS/g-PS and 103.09 g-VS/g-PN. The EPS yield was determined as 2.3 ± 0.6 g-PS/g-COD and 11.5 ± 2.6 g-PN/g-COD at the OLR of 60 kg/(m day). The biogas production was revealed to enhance the SS removal by providing flotation driving force and by decreasing the scum density. A model was established to describe the quantitative relationship between flotation scum and OLR. This work would shed light on the high SS wastewater treatment challenge of high-rate anaerobic processes by using biogas flotation.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Environmental science and pollution research international
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