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Bile acids (BAs) are recognised as the causative agents of toxicity in drug-induced cholestasis (DIC). Research in isolated mitochondria and HepG2 cells have demonstrated BA-mediated mitochondrial dysfunction as a key mechanism of toxicity in DIC. However, HepG2 cells are of limited suitability for DIC studies as they do not express the necessary physiological characteristics. In this study, the mitotoxic potentials of BA mixtures were assessed in isolated mitochondria and a better-suited hepatic model, HepaRG cells. BAs induced structural alterations and a loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) in isolated mitochondria however, this toxicity did not translate to HepaRG cells. There were no changes in oxygen consumption rate, MMP or ATP levels in glucose and galactose media, indicating that there was no direct mitochondrial toxicity mediated via electron transport chain dysfunction in HepaRG cells. Assessment of key biliary transporters revealed that there was a time-dependent reduction in the expression and activity of multi-drug resistance protein 2 (MRP2), which was consistent with the induction of cytotoxicity in HepaRG cells. Overall, the findings from this study have demonstrated that mitochondrial dysfunction is not a mechanism of BA-induced toxicity in HepaRG cells.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Toxicology in vitro : an international journal published in association with BIBRA
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An epimer of chenodeoxycholic acid. It is a mammalian bile acid found first in the bear and is apparently either a precursor or a product of chenodeoxycholate. Its administration changes the composition of bile and may dissolve gallstones. It is used as a cholagogue and choleretic.
A conditionally essential nutrient, important during mammalian development. It is present in milk but is isolated mostly from ox bile and strongly conjugates bile acids.
Minute intercellular channels that occur between liver cells and carry bile towards interlobar bile ducts. Also called bile capillaries.
The channels that collect and transport the bile secretion from the BILE CANALICULI, the smallest branch of the BILIARY TRACT in the LIVER, through the bile ductules, the bile ducts out the liver, and to the GALLBLADDER for storage.
Separation of a mixture in successive stages, each stage removing from the mixture some proportion of one of the substances, for example by differential solubility in water-solvent mixtures. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
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