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Measurement of mitral valve area in patients with mitral stenosis by 3D echocardiography: A comparison between direct planimetry on 3D zoom and 3D quantification.

08:00 EDT 9th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Measurement of mitral valve area in patients with mitral stenosis by 3D echocardiography: A comparison between direct planimetry on 3D zoom and 3D quantification."

Measurement of the mitral valve area (MVA) in patients with mitral stenosis (MS) by 3D echocardiography (3DE) is usually done via 3D quantification (3DQ). The present study on patients with severe MS sought to evaluate the agreement regarding the MVA measurement between 3DQ and direct planimetry on 3D zoom and also between 3DE and 2DE.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Echocardiography (Mount Kisco, N.Y.)
ISSN: 1540-8175
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Backflow of blood from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the LEFT ATRIUM due to imperfect closure of the MITRAL VALVE. This can lead to mitral valve regurgitation.

Abnormal protrusion or billowing of one or both of the leaflets of MITRAL VALVE into the LEFT ATRIUM during SYSTOLE. This allows the backflow of blood into left atrium leading to MITRAL VALVE INSUFFICIENCY; SYSTOLIC MURMURS; or CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIA.

Narrowing of the passage through the MITRAL VALVE due to FIBROSIS, and CALCINOSIS in the leaflets and chordal areas. This elevates the left atrial pressure which, in turn, raises pulmonary venous and capillary pressure leading to bouts of DYSPNEA and TACHYCARDIA during physical exertion. RHEUMATIC FEVER is its primary cause.

A type of heart valve surgery that involves the repair, replacement, or reconstruction of the annulus of the MITRAL VALVE. It includes shortening the circumference of the annulus to improve valve closing capacity and reinforcing the annulus as a step in more complex valve repairs.

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