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The emerging era of precision medicine (PM) holds great promise for patient care by considering individual, environmental, and lifestyle factors to optimize treatment. Context is centrally important to PM, yet, to date, little attention has been given to the unique context of religion and spirituality (R/S) and their applicability to PM. R/S can support and reinforce health beliefs and behaviors that affect health outcomes. The purpose of this article is to discuss how R/S can be considered in PM at multiple levels of context and recommend strategies for integrating R/S in PM. We conducted a descriptive, integrative literature review of R/S at the individual, institutional, and societal levels, with the aim of focusing on R/S factors with a high level of salience to PM. We discuss the utility of considering R/S in the suitability and uptake of PM prevention and treatment strategies by providing specific examples of how R/S influences health beliefs and practices at each level. We also propose future directions in research and practice to foster greater understanding and integration of R/S to enhance the acceptability and patient responsiveness of PM research approaches and clinical practices. Elucidating the context of R/S and its value to PM can advance efforts toward a more whole-person and patient-centered approach to improve individual and population health.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Translational behavioral medicine
To determine whether physician spirituality, religion, and sense of calling toward medicine are predictors of self-reported empathic compassion.
Positive body image is a multidimensional construct referring to love, respect, and acceptance of one's body, including aspects inconsistent with sociocultural ideals. The aim of the present study was...
This study aims to investigate the opinions, knowledge and attitudes concerning spirituality, religiosity and health among 75 health MSc graduates from a Spanish university. The questionnaire "Religio...
This study examined religious and spiritual aspects of disaster experience among 379 survivors of the 9/11 attacks on New York City's World Trade Center. Interviews conducted 35 months after the disa...
In this article we examine the nurse's role in assessing the spiritual needs of older adults in long-term care. The spiritual needs of older adults have not been adequately addressed in nursing care p...
Primary Objectives: 1. To determine whether the degree of spirituality/religiosity as determined by the Duke University Religion Index and Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness ...
This study is assessing the extent of spirituality in patients with HIV/AIDS and will determine the relationship between spirituality, health status, and the will to live.
The goal of this psychosocial research study is to examine and explain the influence of spirituality on patients with ovarian, primary peritoneal or fallopian tube cancer. Primary objecti...
The investigators would like to create an online survey that queries current topics in precision medicine.
The study aim of the DCM Precision Medicine Study is to test the hypothesis that DCM has a substantial genetic basis and to evaluate the effectiveness of a family communication interventio...
The interrelationship of medicine and religion.
Clinical, therapeutic and diagnostic approaches to optimal disease management based on individual variations in a patient's genetic profile.
Metal devices for fastening together two or more parts of dental prostheses for stabilizing or retaining them by attachment to abutment teeth. For a precision attachment for a partial denture DENTURE PRECISION ATTACHMENT is available.
The interrelationship of psychology and religion.
The detection of genetic variability (e.g., PHARMACOGENOMIC VARIANTS) relevant to PHARMACOGENETICS and PRECISION MEDICINE. The purpose of such genetic testing is to help determine the most effective treatment options and their optimum dosages with least potential risks for DRUG-RELATED SIDE EFFECTS AND ADVERSE REACTIONS.