Combustion and friction-derived nanoparticles and industrial-sourced nanoparticles: The culprit of Alzheimer and Parkinson's diseases.

08:00 EDT 5th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Combustion and friction-derived nanoparticles and industrial-sourced nanoparticles: The culprit of Alzheimer and Parkinson's diseases."

Redox-active, strongly magnetic, combustion and friction-derived nanoparticles (CFDNPs) are abundant in particulate matter air pollution. Urban children and young adults with Alzheimer disease Continuum have higher numbers of brain CFDNPs versus clean air controls. CFDNPs surface charge, dynamic magnetic susceptibility, iron content and redox activity contribute to ROS generation, neurovascular unit (NVU), mitochondria, and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) damage, and are catalysts for protein misfolding, aggregation and fibrillation. CFDNPs respond to external magnetic fields and are involved in cell damage by agglomeration/clustering, magnetic rotation and/or hyperthermia. This review focus in the interaction of CFDNPs, nanomedicine and industrial NPs with biological systems and the impact of portals of entry, particle sizes, surface charge, biomolecular corona, biodistribution, mitochondrial dysfunction, cellular toxicity, anterograde and retrograde axonal transport, brain dysfunction and pathology. NPs toxicity information come from researchers synthetizing particles and improving their performance for drug delivery, drug targeting, magnetic resonance imaging and heat mediators for cancer therapy. Critical information includes how these NPs overcome all barriers, the NPs protein corona changes as they cross the NVU and the complexity of NPs interaction with soluble proteins and key organelles. Oxidative, ER and mitochondrial stress, and a faulty complex protein quality control are at the core of Alzheimer and Parkinson's diseases and NPs mechanisms of action and toxicity are strong candidates for early development and progression of both fatal diseases. Nanoparticle exposure regardless of sources carries a high risk for the developing brain homeostasis and ought to be included in the AD and PD research framework.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Environmental research
ISSN: 1096-0953
Pages: 108574


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [9553 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Air Pollution, Combustion and Friction Derived Nanoparticles, and Alzheimer's Disease in Urban Children and Young Adults.

Exposures to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and ozone (O3) ≥US EPA standards are associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) risk. The projection of 13.8 million AD cases in the US by the year 2050 ob...

A Transferable, Multi-Resolution Coarse-Grained Model for Amorphous Silica Nanoparticles.

Despite the ubiquity of nanoparticles in modern materials research, computational scientists are often forced to choose between simulations featuring detailed models of only a few nanoparticles or sim...

Different Uptake of Metal Dioxide Nanoparticles (Ceria Nanoparticles, Zirconia Nanoparticles and Silica Nanoparticles) by Wheat.

Metal dioxide nanoparticles (NPs) are produced in ever-increasing amounts and widely used in industrial, medical and consumer products. They may pose potential risks to the environment. In this study ...

Industrial textile effluent treatment and antibacterial effectiveness of Zea mays L. Dry husk mediated bio-synthesized copper oxide nanoparticles.

Zea mays L. dry husk extract was used to bio synthesize copper oxide nanoparticles. Red coloured cubic CuO nanoparticles were obtained for the first time via this simple, eco- friendly, green synthesi...

Cell membrane protein functionalization of nanoparticles as a new tumor-targeting strategy.

Nanoparticles have seen considerable popularity as effective tools for drug delivery. However, non-specific targeting continues to remain a challenge. Recently, biomimetic nanoparticles have emerged a...

Clinical Trials [1621 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Topical Silver Nanoparticles for Microbial Activity

Silver nanoparticles are one of most nanoparticles use nowadays in the research area because it has specific physical and chemical properties, in medical fields silver nanoparticles can in...

Topical Application of Silver Nanoparticles and Oral Pathogens in Ill Patients

The purpose of this study is to determine whether oral topic silver nanoparticles are effective to reduce potential pathogen microbial loads in mechanical ventilation patients.

Presence of Nanoparticles in the Amniotic Fluid

The nanoparticles (NP) are defined as particles whose size is no greater than 100 nanometers. However, their impact on health remains little evaluated. Placental transfer of NP has been p...

AGuIX Gadolinium-based Nanoparticles in Combination With Chemoradiation and Brachytherapy

This is a phase 1 clinical trial evaluating the safety, tolerability of escalating doses of AGuIX-NP in combination with radiation and cisplatin in patients with locally advanced cervical ...

Antibacterial Properties of Silicon Incorporated With Quaternary Ammonium Polyethylenimine Nanoparticles

The aim of this study is to evaluate the antibacterial activity of crosslinked quaternary ammonium polyethylenimine (PEI) nanoparticles incorporated at 1-2% w/w in a commercial soft liner ...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Nanometer-sized particles that are nanoscale in three dimensions. They include nanocrystaline materials; NANOCAPSULES; METAL NANOPARTICLES; DENDRIMERS, and QUANTUM DOTS. The uses of nanoparticles include DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS and cancer targeting and imaging.

Nanoparticles produced from metals whose uses include biosensors, optics, and catalysts. In biomedical applications the particles frequently involve the noble metals, especially gold and silver.

A layer of protein coating adsorbed by NANOPARTICLES upon entry into PLASMA or other protein-containing biological fluids, which affects how nanoparticles are internalized by cells and cleared from the body.

Materials which have structured components with at least one dimension in the range of 1 to 100 nanometers. These include NANOCOMPOSITES; NANOPARTICLES; NANOTUBES; and NANOWIRES.

Protein-mineral complexes that comprise substrates needed for the normal calcium-carbonate-phosphate homeostasis. Nanobacteria was the prior name for the particles which were originally thought to be microorganisms.

Quick Search

DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Psychiatry is the study of mental disorders and their diagnosis, management and prevention.  Conditions include schizophrenia, severe depression and panic disorders among others. There are pharmaceutical treatments as well as other therapies to help...

Parkinson's Disease
Parkinson's is a progressive neurological condition, affecting one person in every 500, 95% of which are over 40. It is caused by degeneration of more than 70% of the substantia nigra, which depletes the dopamine (the neurotransmitter involved in pro...

Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...

Searches Linking to this Article