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Rhamnogalacturonan I (RG-I), one of the pectic components of the plant cell wall, is composed of a backbone of repeating disaccharide units of rhamnose and galacturonic acid, and side chains, such as galactans, arabinans, and arabinogalactans. The activity of RG-I galactosyltransferase, which transfers galactosyl residues to rhamnosyl residues in the RG-I backbone, has not been detected until now. Here, we detected galactosyltransferase activity in azuki bean epicotyls using fluorogenic RG-I oligosaccharide acceptors. This enzyme prefers oligosaccharides with a degree of polymerization more than 9. The enzyme activity was detected in the Golgi apparatus, which is the site of pectin synthesis. In vitro hyperactivation of this enzyme was also observed. Moreover, enzyme activity was increased up to 40-fold in the presence of cationic surfactants or polyelectrolytes.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Plant physiology and biochemistry : PPB
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Ficin extract has been aminated using ethylenediamine and carbodiimide to transform all exposed carboxylic groups into amino groups, retaining around 80% of activity versus benzoyl-d,l-arginine p-nitr...
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Analyses for a specific enzyme activity, or of the level of a specific enzyme that is used to assess health and disease risk, for early detection of disease or disease prediction, diagnosis, and change in disease status.
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of UDP-galactose and N-acylsphingosine to D-galactosylceramide and UDP.
An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.
Detection of drugs that have been abused, overused, or misused, including legal and illegal drugs. Urine screening is the usual method of detection.
An enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of galactose from UDP-galactose to a specific glycoprotein receptor, 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucosyl-glycopeptide, during glycopeptide synthesis. EC 126.96.36.199.
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