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Organic micropollutants (OMPs) are frequently detected in water and wastewater, and have attracted wide attention due to potential adverse effects on ecosystems and human health. In this work, manganese-oxidizing aerobic granular sludge (Mn-AGS) was successfully cultivated and applied to remove OMPs from wastewater. Biogenic manganese (III,IV) oxides (bio-MnO) were generated and accumulated to 22.0-28.3 mg Mn/g SS in the final sludge. Neither the addition of allochthonous manganese-oxidizing bacteria (MnOB; Pseudomonas putida MnB1) nor the reduction in hydraulic retention time (HRT) facilitated the cultivation of Mn-AGS. Batch experiments of OMPs degradation indicated that Mn-AGS significantly improved (1.3-3.9 times) degradation rates of most OMPs. Removal rates of bisphenol A (BPA), 17α‑ethinylestradiol (EE2), tetracycline (TC), and chloramphenicol (CAP) were 3.0-12.6 μg/h/g SS by the traditional AGS and 8.0-16.3 μg/h/g SS by Mn-AGS; those of imazethapyr (IM) were relatively high, 64.7 ± 0.1 and 127.8 ± 2.5 μg/h/g SS by AGS and Mn-AGS, respectively. However, degradation of dichlorophenyl phosphine (DCPP) was slower by Mn-AGS than AGS, 9.0 ± 0.4 vs. 21.2 ± 0.9 μg/h/g SS, possibly due to inhibition of microbial activity by bio-MnO. This work provides a promising method for treating OMPs in organic wastewater, but the possible inhibition of microbes by bio-MnO should be noted.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Science of the total environment
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Inorganic chemicals that contain manganese as an integral part of the molecule.
A family of gram-negative, asporogenous rods or ovoid cells, aerobic or facultative anaerobic chemoorganotrophs. They are commonly isolated from SOIL, activated sludge, or marine environments.
White blood cells. These include granular leukocytes (BASOPHILS; EOSINOPHILS; and NEUTROPHILS) as well as non-granular leukocytes (LYMPHOCYTES and MONOCYTES).
A spectrum of disorders characterized by clonal expansions of the peripheral blood LYMPHOCYTE populations known as large granular lymphocytes which contain abundant cytoplasm and azurophilic granules. Subtypes develop from either CD3-negative NATURAL KILLER CELLS or CD3-positive T-CELLS. The clinical course of both subtypes can vary from spontaneous regression to progressive, malignant disease.