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Contemporary epidemiology of infective endocarditis in patients with congenital heart disease: A UK prospective study.

08:00 EDT 14th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Contemporary epidemiology of infective endocarditis in patients with congenital heart disease: A UK prospective study."

Infective endocarditis is a life-threatening complication of congenital heart disease (CHD), but there are few studies concerning the contemporary risk profile, preceding invasive procedures and outcomes in this patient population. The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiology of infective endocarditis (IE) in patients with CHD.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: American heart journal
ISSN: 1097-6744
Pages: 70-77

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Inflammation of the ENDOCARDIUM caused by BACTERIA that entered the bloodstream. The strains of bacteria vary with predisposing factors, such as CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS; HEART VALVE DISEASES; HEART VALVE PROSTHESIS IMPLANTATION; or intravenous drug use.

Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart (ENDOCARDIUM), the continuous membrane lining the four chambers and HEART VALVES. It is often caused by microorganisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and rickettsiae. Left untreated, endocarditis can damage heart valves and become life-threatening.

ENDOCARDIUM infection that is usually caused by STREPTOCOCCUS. Subacute infective endocarditis evolves over weeks and months with modest toxicity and rare metastatic infection.

Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.

Formation of a non-infectious THROMBUS, referred to as vegetation, on previously undamaged ENDOCARDIUM. It usually occurs as a complication of connective-tissue diseases and cancers because of the associated hypercoagulable state (see THROMBOPHILIA).

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