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We report on the structural evaluation of high fat fish oil-in-water emulsions emulsified with sodium caseinate (CAS) and phosphatidylcholine (PC). The microemulsions contained 70% (w/w) fish oil with 1.05-1.4% (w/w) CAS and 0.4-1.75% (w/w) PC and were studied by the combination of light scattering together with small-angle X-ray and neutron scattering (SAXS/SANS). Aqueous CAS forms aggregates having a denser core of about 100 kDa and less dense shell about 400 kDa with the hard sphere diameter of 20.4 nm. PC appears as multilayers whose coherence length spans from 40 to 100 nm. PC monolayer separates oil and water phases. Moreover, 80% CAS particles are loosely bound to the interface but are not forming continuous coverage. The distance between aggregated CAS particles in microemulsion is increased compared to CAS aggregates in pure CAS-in-water system. PC multilayers become larger in the presence of oil-water interface compared to the pure PC mixtures. Bilayers become larger with increasing PC concentration. This study forms a structural base for the combination of CAS and PC emulsifiers forming a well-defined thin and dense PC layer together with thick but less dense CAS layer, which is assumed to explain its better oxidative stability compared to single emulsifiers.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of colloid and interface science
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Colloids formed by the combination of two immiscible liquids such as oil and water. Lipid-in-water emulsions are usually liquid, like milk or lotion. Water-in-lipid emulsions tend to be creams. The formation of emulsions may be aided by amphiphatic molecules that surround one component of the system to form MICELLES.
Emulsions of fats or lipids used primarily in parenteral feeding.
Fish of the genera ONCORHYNCHUS and Salmo in the family SALMONIDAE. They are anadromous game fish, frequenting the coastal waters of both the North Atlantic and Pacific. They are known for their gameness as a sport fish and for the quality of their flesh as a table fish. (Webster, 3d ed).
Agents that modify interfacial tension of water; usually substances that have one lipophilic and one hydrophilic group in the molecule; includes soaps, detergents, emulsifiers, dispersing and wetting agents, and several groups of antiseptics.
Food products manufactured from fish (e.g., FISH FLOUR, fish meal).
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Radiology is the branch of medicine that studies imaging of the body; X-ray (basic, angiography, barium swallows), ultrasound, MRI, CT and PET. These imaging techniques can be used to diagnose, but also to treat a range of conditions, by allowing visuali...