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Social-comparative feedback informs an individual that their performance was better or worse than the group. Previous studies have found that compared to knowledge of results alone, social-comparative feedback produces a valence response that results in larger improvements in balance performance. However, the neural processes contributing to these motor improvements have not yet been examined.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Gait & posture
Aerobic exercise (AE) modulates cortical excitability. It can alter both corticospinal excitability and intra-cortical networks, which has implications for its use as a tool to facilitate processes su...
Corticospinal tract excitability can be altered by age, physical activity (PA) and possibly sex, but whether these effects differ between upper and lower limb muscles is unknown. We determined the inf...
The purpose of this investigation is to determine the effects of different forms of a CHO MR on quadriceps muscle performance and corticospinal motor excitability.
What is the central question of this study? Corticospinal excitability to biceps brachii is known to modulate according to upper-limb posture. Here, cervicomedullary stimulation was used to investigat...
Although transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS) over the primary motor cortex (M1) region can be used to enhance cortical excitability, it remains unclear whether tRNS over the M1 region improve...
This study aims to understand the roles of corticospinal excitability in controlling the trunk movement, and the clinical utility of clinical observation, as well as the effect of lumbopel...
Paired associative stimulation (PAS) is a non-invasive stimulation method which is known to modulate corticospinal excitability through mechanisms related to long-term potentiation and lon...
This study will utilize transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to examine the effects of mental imagery in resistance-trained versus untrained men and women. In randomized order, each par...
Emerging evidence demonstrates that animals and people can exert control over the level of excitability in spinal and corticospinal neural circuits that contribute to movement. This discov...
Shoulder impingement syndrome is the most common shoulder disorder in overhead athletes. It describes a mechanical compression of subacromial bursa and rotator cuff tendons during arm move...
A performance test based on forced MOTOR ACTIVITY on a rotating rod, usually by a rodent. Parameters include the riding time (seconds) or endurance. Test is used to evaluate balance and coordination of the subjects, particular in experimental animal models for neurological disorders and drug effects.
Anxiety disorder characterized by the persistent and irrational fear, anxiety, or avoidance of social or performance situations.
The strengthening of a response with a social reward such as a nod of approval, a parent's love or attention.
Measurable changes in activities in the CEREBRAL CORTEX upon a stimulation. A change in cortical excitability as measured by various techniques (e.g., TRANSCRANIAL MAGNETIC STIMULATION) is associated with brain disorders.
A personality trait rendering the individual acceptable in social or interpersonal relations. It is related to social acceptance, social approval, popularity, social status, leadership qualities, or any quality making him a socially desirable companion.