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Type-1 ryanodine receptor (RyR1) is a calcium-release channel localized on sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) of the skeletal muscle, and mediates muscle contraction by releasing Ca from the SR. Genetic mutations of RyR1 are associated with skeletal muscle diseases such as malignant hyperthermia and central core diseases, in which over-activation of RyR1 causes leakage of Ca from the SR. We recently developed an efficient high-throughput screening system based on the measurement of Ca in endoplasmic reticulum, and used it to identify oxolinic acid (1) as a novel RyR1 channel inhibitor. Here, we designed and synthesized a series of quinolone derivatives based on 1 as a lead compound. Derivatives bearing a long alkyl chain at the nitrogen atom of the quinolone ring and having a suitable substituent at the 7-position of quinolone exhibited potent RyR1 channel-inhibitory activity. Among the synthesized compounds, 14h showed more potent activity than dantrolene, a known RyR1 inhibitor, and exhibited high RyR1 selectivity over RyR2 and RyR3. These compounds may be promising leads for clinically applicable RyR1 channel inhibitors.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: European journal of medicinal chemistry
Cryo-electron microscopy and mutational analyses have shown that type-1 ryanodine receptor (RyR1) amino acid residues RyR1-E3893, -E3967 and -T5001 are critical for Ca-mediated activation of skeletal ...
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A tetrameric calcium release channel in the SARCOPLASMIC RETICULUM membrane of SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS, acting oppositely to SARCOPLASMIC RETICULUM CALCIUM-TRANSPORTING ATPASES. It is important in skeletal and cardiac excitation-contraction coupling and studied by using RYANODINE. Abnormalities are implicated in CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS and MUSCULAR DISEASES.
A methylpyrrole-carboxylate from RYANIA that disrupts the RYANODINE RECEPTOR CALCIUM RELEASE CHANNEL to modify CALCIUM release from SARCOPLASMIC RETICULUM resulting in alteration of MUSCLE CONTRACTION. It was previously used in INSECTICIDES. It is used experimentally in conjunction with THAPSIGARGIN and other inhibitors of CALCIUM ATPASE uptake of calcium into SARCOPLASMIC RETICULUM.
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